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Chapter 7


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Human Biology

Chapter 7PSYC1211042011Ageism Stereotyping prejudice and discrimination based on age Different conceptions of older people are evoked when one accesses a generic prototype of older people often negative when asked about a specific older person it becomes harder to remember negative stereotypes and therefore the impression is usually positive Age stereotypes Content and UseoBenign ageismSubtle type fo prejudice that arises out of the conscious and unconscious fears one has of growing oldoMalignant ageism More pernicious stereotyping process in which older people are regarded as worthless Effects of pseudopositive attitudes oPatronizing Language Overaccomodation Younger individuals become overly polite speak louder and slower exaggerate their intonation etc with elders Downplaying of serious thoughts concerns and feelings expressed by older people Baby talk More negative and condescending form of overaccomodation Associated with the stereotype that all older persons have deficits in cognitive abilities ant therefore need special communicationat a slower simpler level oPatronizing Behaviour Infantilization Belief that elders are like children because of their inferior mental and physical capability Creates a self fulfilling prophecy in older people Arluke and Levin 1984oBy accepting such a role face 2 negative consequences Social status of older people is diminished through the decrease in responsibility Society may feel justified in the use of psychoactive medication institutionalization etc Political power of older people is reduced when older people come tot believe their ability is limited Patronizing behaviour and even well intended offers of assistance can have negative consequences for the self esteem of the older individual Negative self perception about aging can have a strong connection to ones overall physical health and longevityMajor part of who we are who we believer our self is derived from our social interactions and the feedbackabout our self that others give Looking glass selfPatronizing talk leads to elders viewing other elders as helpless and weak SIT states that part of ones self esteem is derived form their group memberships When a member of the group verifies the negative stereotype to protect ones own self esteem the best way is to derogate the other member and distinguish them as an aberration Aging affects the self in three ways Atchley 1982Develop a stable self concept longer life means more opportunities one has had to test themselves over various situations oSome people never develop a firm concept of their self and are left feeling confused and acting inconsistently
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