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Chapter 9

PSYC39 - Psych and the Law - Chapter 9: Sex Offenders

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David Nussbaum

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Chapter 9: Sex Offenders Explaining Sex offending:  Finkelhor’s Model o Factors:  Emotional congruence  Sexual arousal from prospect of sexual contact with child  Blockage – some ppl blocked from meeting their sexual/emotional needs in prosocial way  Disinhibition  Can occur b/c of personlatiy (impulse control deficits, lack of empathy),situational, cultural factors  Integrated theory of the etiology of sexual offending o Biopsychosocial explanation o Biological, developmental, socio-cultural and transit situational factors  create proclivity to sexually offend  Quadripartite model of sexual aggression o Against adults  Physiological sexual arousal  Cognitions that justify sexual aggression  Affective dyscontrol  Personality problems o Against children  Physiological sexual arousal to children  Cognitions that justify sexual abuse of children (cognitive distortion)  Negative affective states  Personality problems related to developmental progress  Emotional difficulties, poor social skills, impulsivity  Hierarchical-mediational confluence model o 2 paths:  Antisocial and impersonal sex path  Abuse @ home  early delinquent beh  impersonal sexuality  sexual aggression  Hostile masculinity path  Attitudes accepting violence toward women (rape myth & acceptance of interpersonal violence)  narcisim  hostility toward women  sexual dominance  sexual aggression  Empathy and nurturing personality characteristics moderate the influence of risk factors  Evolutionary explanation of rape  Seto’s Developmental Theory of Child Sexual Offending: o Adolescence-limited path o Pedophilia path o Antisociality path  Competitive disadvantaged  Psychopathy o Offending against kids especially likely when both antisociality and pedophila present TYPOLOGIES:  Massachusetts Treatment Centre: Child Molester Typology – Version 3 o Child molesters can be differentiated by: o AXIS I  1) level of fixation  Extent of pedophilic interests  2) social competence  Level of achievement wrt adult responsibility & relationships o AXIS II  1) amount of time spent with kids in both sexual offence & non-sexual situations  High amount of contact  meaning of contact:  Interpersonal TYPE I  Narcissistic TYPE II  Low amount of contact: o Degree of physical injury infliected on victims  Low physical injury  High physical injury  Can then be differentiated by their degree of sadism  Low sadism  High sadism  Massachusetts Treatment Centre: Rapist Typology – V3/4 o Rapists = 4 primary motivation types:  Opportunity  Type 1 = higher social competence; impulsivity began in adulthood  Type 2 = lower social competence; adolescence start  Generalized anger  Sexual gratification  Presence of sadistic fantasies o Overt sadistic rapists o Muted sadistic rapists
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