CH15 – TREATMENT OF PSYCHLOGICAL DISORDERS – INCOMPLETE – PAGE 680
How Are Psychological Disorders Treated?
PSYCHOTHERAPY – the generic name given to formal psychological EXPOSURE – a behavioral therapy technique that
treatment. involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing
o BIOLOGICAL THERAPIES – treatment based on medical approaches stimulus or situation.
to illness and to disease. o group therapy
Psychopharmacology o family therapy
Psychotherapy is based on psychological principles systems approach
o Psychodynamic therapy EXPRESSED EMOTION – a pattern of interactions that includes
Free Association emotional over involvement, critical comments, and hostility
Dream Analysis directed towards a patient by family members.
INSIGHT – a goal of some types of therapy; a patient’s o confession is good for the spirit
understanding of his or her psychological processes. Culture can affect the therapeutic process
Controversy Medication is Effective for Certain disorders
o Humanistic Therapy o PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATION – drugs that affect mental processes.
CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY – an empathic approach to o ANTI-ANXIETY DRUGS – a class of psychotropic medications used for
therapy; it encourages personal growth through greater self- the treatment of anxiety.
understanding. o ANTIDEPRESSANTS – a class of psychotropic medications used to
reflective listening treat depression.
motivational interviewing MAO Inhibitors
o Cognitive-behavioral therapy
Behavior modification Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
social skills training o ANTIPSYCHOTICS – a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and
modelling other disorders that involve psychosis.
COGNITIVE THERAPY – treatment based on the idea that o Other Types
distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and Lithium
COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING – a therapy that strives to Alternative Biological Treatments are used in extreme cases
help patients recognize maladaptive thoughts patterns o trepanning
and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are o prefrontal lobotomies
more in tune with reality. o ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT) – a procedure used to treat
rational-emotive therapy depression it involves administering a strong electrical current to the
interpersonal therapy patient’s brain.
o trans-cranial magnetic stimulation
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT) – a therapy that
incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive o deep brain stimulation
therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive Therapies not supported by scientific evidence can be dangerous
behaviors. o pseudo therapies
o counterproductive approaches
What are the most effective treatments?
Psychological Treatments vs. Psycho