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CH15 – PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS TREATMENT.pdf

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY100H1
Professor
Ashley Waggoner Denton
Semester
Fall

Description
CH15 – TREATMENT OF PSYCHLOGICAL DISORDERS – INCOMPLETE – PAGE 680 How Are Psychological Disorders Treated?  PSYCHOTHERAPY – the generic name given to formal psychological  EXPOSURE – a behavioral therapy technique that treatment. involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing o BIOLOGICAL THERAPIES – treatment based on medical approaches stimulus or situation. to illness and to disease. o group therapy  Psychopharmacology o family therapy  Psychotherapy is based on psychological principles  systems approach o Psychodynamic therapy  EXPRESSED EMOTION – a pattern of interactions that includes  Free Association emotional over involvement, critical comments, and hostility  Dream Analysis directed towards a patient by family members.  INSIGHT – a goal of some types of therapy; a patient’s o confession is good for the spirit understanding of his or her psychological processes.  Culture can affect the therapeutic process  Controversy  Medication is Effective for Certain disorders o Humanistic Therapy o PSYCHOTROPIC MEDICATION – drugs that affect mental processes.  CLIENT-CENTERED THERAPY – an empathic approach to o ANTI-ANXIETY DRUGS – a class of psychotropic medications used for therapy; it encourages personal growth through greater self- the treatment of anxiety. understanding. o ANTIDEPRESSANTS – a class of psychotropic medications used to  reflective listening treat depression.  motivational interviewing  MAO Inhibitors o Cognitive-behavioral therapy  Tricyclic Antidepressants  Behavior modification  Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)  social skills training o ANTIPSYCHOTICS – a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and  modelling other disorders that involve psychosis.  COGNITIVE THERAPY – treatment based on the idea that o Other Types distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and  Lithium emotions.  Anticonvulsants  COGNITIVE RESTRUCTURING – a therapy that strives to  Alternative Biological Treatments are used in extreme cases help patients recognize maladaptive thoughts patterns o trepanning and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are o prefrontal lobotomies more in tune with reality. o ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT) – a procedure used to treat  rational-emotive therapy depression it involves administering a strong electrical current to the  interpersonal therapy patient’s brain. o trans-cranial magnetic stimulation  COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY (CBT) – a therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive o deep brain stimulation therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive  Therapies not supported by scientific evidence can be dangerous behaviors. o pseudo therapies o counterproductive approaches What are the most effective treatments?  Psychological Treatments vs. Psycho
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