Textbook Notes (362,820)
Canada (158,064)
Sociology (1,479)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 13

Chapter 13

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University of Toronto St. George
Brent Berry

Chapter 13 The Sociology of HousingIntroductionPeople seeking housing are also seeking privacy security healthy environment neighborly social relations status access to jobs etcHousing Differentiates Private from PublicMore than just shelterHome shields us from public distractions allowing a sense of privacyCritical need to maintain privacy makes homelessness the most severe form of disadvantageLevel of privacy at home has varied over timeIn the early 20th century City dwellers were densely packed into mutlistorey dwellings sharing common facilitiesEnd of WWII Largescale construction of low density suburban housingSuburbanization has had important consequences for privacy at homeChanges in the level of privacy created a disconnection from healthy social relations and civic engagementIf individual households collectively lose sight of the whole common values such as tolerance may be threatenedTypes of Housing and Tenure ArrangementsHousing Tenure Arrangement The relationship persons have to the housing they reside in The most basic tenure arrangements are ownership and rentingResidential Density A standard of measure of the number of inhabitants per unit of area that is commonly used to compare neighbourhoods and guide planning decisionsAreas along mass transit lines are likely to have a high residential densityFreehold Ownership Most common form of ownership in Canada whereby residents own both the housing structure and the land it occupiesOwning a home confers several social advantages Economic Pride and Identification1 Good investment2 Allows families to move up to better homes as they experience mobility3 Home equity can ease financial concerns especially later in life4 Homeownership is an indicator of social statusHomeownership also brings responsibilities1 Maintenance taxes utilitiesRenters have a smaller net worth in Canadian societyRenter lacks control over what can be done w his or her homeMay lead to feeling of residential alienationResidential Alienation Condition of estrangement bw a person and his or her dwellingHousing and InequalityAlthough immigrants on average are more disadvantaged than the nativeborn pop it is important to note that a sizable subset of recent immigrant to Canada is relatively affluentCrowding
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