Textbook Notes (369,133)
Canada (162,403)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 4

New Society Chapter 4 Notes

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC101Y1
Professor
Sheldon Ungar

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Chapter 4: Gender and Sexuality DavidBrenda case study: Dr. Money believed he could completely reassign malefemale identities to young children Dr. Money urged Davids parents to bring him up as a girl, giving him girl clothing, toys, regular doses of estrogen; claimed that his experiment nurture over nature was a success Failed to report Davids resistance to being a girl; insisted on beingdoing guy things, refused to continue with vaginal surgery and was relieved to finally find out that he was a guy all along David was ostracized for not acting like a girl after sex reassignment -Biological Sex: determined by X and Y chromosomes (XX for female); chromosomes dictate the formation of sexual organs with corresponding hormones -Sociological Gender: feelings, attitudes and behaviors associated with being malefemale Gender identity: identification with a particular sex, (biologically, socially, psychologically) Gender role: behaving according to expectations of how malesfemales are suppose to act o Expectations have not changed drastically; boys still learn that crying is a not a very guy thing to do so they learn to hide their feelings to fulfill gender roles o Individuals who do not conform to gender expectations are often not treated very well -Transgendered people: individuals who want to alter their gender by changing their bodyappearance; defy conventional gender norms -Transsexual people: individuals who feel like they have been born into the wrong body; they identify with and want to live as a person of the opposite sex -societys rigid definition of male and female does not recognizevalidate intermediate sexes and classifies people like that as being sick -gender roles are entirely natural; does not always agree with biological sex orientation -Sexuality = activities that lead to erotic arousal -sexual scripts dictate to us what we should find attractive or not etc; linked to gender roles -Compulsory heterosexuality: assumption that individuals should only desire members of opposite sex o Leads to discrimination of gay and lesbians o Puts women at a disadvantage bc heterosexuality based on inequality between men and women o Insists upon the idea that women are simply complementary to men, living under male control o Heterosexuality is institutionalized in marriages and families o Feminists view heterosexuality relationship as based on inequality, so should reject it completely -Bryms view: System of male domination takes part in establishing the assumption that one should only desire another of the opposite sex Sexual attitudes and behaviors: deviations from traditional sex script occurring; diversity in sexual behaviors and attitudes (eg. acceptance of premarital sex by Canadians, unmarried couples living together) Pattern is seen in younger people as well as older ones Men are usually more willing to engage in non-conventional sexual activities -Statistics for males show more frequent intercourse; reflects their tendency to exaggerate -men more concerned with sexual intercourse; women more concerned about love for their partner Canadians more tolerant about same sex marriage and homosexuality Canadian law recognizes same sex marriages (no distinction between heterosexual marriages and homosexual ones eg. civil union) Religious organizations are not obliged to marry same sex couples -estimating prevalence of homosexuality varies depending on how you measure it; asking people to identify themselves as being homosexual or not usually yields lower numbers than asking them in terms of sexual orientation (how a person derives sexual pleasure eg. who they find attractivedesirable) -cannot simply split into two separate groups (homosexual or heterosexual) Sexuality = sexual attraction, desire, behaviour, identity -Religions and their positions on sexual issues: table 4.3 page 87 attitudes on extramarital affairs have a more conservative standing among Canadians Increasing intolerance for affairs (5060% always wrong) -attitude is a result of people wantinghaving fewer partners www.notesolution.com
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