Textbook Notes (368,566)
Canada (161,966)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)

Chapter Three

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Bonnie Fox

Chapter Three: Dating and Mate Selection dating and mate selection: first step toward family formation + not all individuals date prior to marriage + dating and mate selection can occur at any age and may be repeated several times throughout the life course, but are most prevalent in young adulthood Dating: Now and In the Past: prior to 1920, dating activities were closely regulated by parents/other family members (chaperones) and often occurred in the home of the female + dating during this time considered serious & an indication of commitment to marriage + dating individuals did not spend time alone together and dating was done for the purposes of showing commitment to the intent of marriage, not just for fun period between 1920 & 1960: golden age of courtship + after WWI, dating less supervised courtship became important where young adults could refine gender roles, status, and identity a high rate of marriage and a decrease in age at marriage for women, dating was an essential stage of life with the main goal of attaining a husband beginning 1960, as women gained more freedom, dating practices shifted + traditionally, men were initiators, planners, and payers for date... today, women have more of a direct role in these processes + nowadays, dating become much less formal, with spur-of-the-moment activities more and more likely + group activities or hanging out become more commonplace, allowing individuals the chance to meet and develop friendships or intimate relationships + technology become a source for meeting individuals through internet dating, etc.... + goal of dating shifted to that of having fun and meeting new people hooking up: a girl and a guy get together for a physical encounter and don't necessarily expect anything further + a physical encounter without any expectation of a relationship to follow + may initiate dating dating: a man and a woman who attend functions together + differs from mate selection in that the purpose of dating is entertainment only, not choosing a life partner + can be a source of pressure, often linked to social status may be seen as lower if don't date as much. Extent of dating that occurs depends somewhat on the subculture to which a person belongs arranged marriage: having someone other than the individual who will be married select the marriage partner, avoiding (or at least shortening) the practice of dating + marriage partner can be chosen by parents and extended family, matchmakers, or religious leaders + purpose is to have a family; love is expected to develop as the marriage progresses due to similarities in socio-economic status and cultural background between two individuals + believed that parents and matchmakers have practical knowledge and experience with regards to partner selection, while young adults choosing partners based on emotion (love) may make avoidable mistakes + practice of arranged marriage interferes with idea of dating someone who is not chosen by one's family immigrant youth tend to date less than Canada-born peers + reasons: parenting style, have fewer opportunities to date since they must take on more responsibilities in the family + interracial dating is on the rise The Functions of Dating: dating process can occur for a variety of reasons + can establish short-term sexual encounters and relationships, mate selection, cohabitation for practical purposes and to avoid being alone, cohabitation as a trial or precursor to marriage, and cohabitation as a substitute to marriage four main functions of dating: gaining status, socialization, recreation, and mate selection + dating someone who's considered highly desirable (popular) can increase a person's status within his or her social group must be a worthy individual if an attractive/popular person wants to date them. + for men, dating an attractive female will cause others to believe that they have some highly desirable attributes (radiating effect of beauty) your partner's attractiveness can improve the way people perceives you + dating's a great arena for socialization allows men and women to learn how to behave and adjust to others in intimate context ;; often allows a person to get an outsider's view on their personality and character, which can lead to self-improvement + provides opportunities for recreation. Can have fun with another person who may make you try something new + can lead to mate selection by allowing one to determine whether a particular person would make a good life partner for them Dating and Sex: four general sexual standards in which individuals believe today: + abstinence: belief that sex should occur only in context of marriage (not dating) + permissiveness with affection: belief that sex is considered okay if two people are not married but in love + permissiveness without affection: belief t
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