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Sociology (1,513)
SOC101Y1 (470)
Chapter 3


5 Pages

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William Magee

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Chapter 3 The university of Chicago sociology department • The sociology of deviance did not appear full grown in the nineteenth century • It is the case the crime, sin and sheer difference have been persistent and prominent moral and political problems and that thoughtful people have responded in their turn producing a body of writings which could properly be called a proto-criminology • Oldest form of scholarship, theology may be understood as a prolonged attempt to make sense of the existence of moral action • Play poems etc. Literally and intellectual essays have been devoted to crime ‘shadow criminology’ is older than the work of universities th • 16 century there emerged a kind of ‘low life reporting’ which purported to offer detailed information about the underworld. • 17 , 18 and 19 century – labelling theory, functionalism and ecology are to be discovered in this time period • The bulk of criminology is really a reinvention of past explanations • Shadow criminologist are forgotten by academic writers • These sociologist have suffered neglect but for understandable reasons ex. Their writings were superficially naive and they worked outside the university and the material did not address a university audience • They were people of private means; journalist. Play writers, prison chaplains, police etc. As they retained as professional experts on crime their interest in criminologist problems could not help but be sporadic indeed amateur and their skull could not be transmitted to a body of students or apprentices who would succeed them. • University of Chicago sociology department was distinctive because it accomplished decisive break with the haphazard , solitary and ill maintained studies which have been identified as proto criminology • Before the department of sociology , sociology was know a more yarning than substantial body of knowledge a fixed point of view or a rigorous method of research • Marxism flourished in Europe • The annals group had been active in France www.notesolution.com • The Manchester and London statistical societies had performed significant work but it was in Chicago that sociology was industrialized The university, the department and the city • University of Chicago was designed to be a nonpareil. (having no equal) • The tentative and uniformed nature of American sociology revealed itself in the rather lengthy period of time that elapsed before the Chicago department came into its own • There is a possible trace on functionalism, epidemiology, attitude research, survey methods and much more that influence sociology of crime and deviance • Robert park ( head of the Chicago department) focused on social anthropological and ecological study • Park released an article ‘ the city’ describing a problem a programme and a procedure • Anthropology – the science of man study of primitive people but civilized men (present) is an interesting object of investigation and open to observation and study. • Most sociology departments seem to be inattentive to the physical and social contexts in which they exist. • Sociologist prefer to dwell on relatively abstract or global matters, but Chicago sociology was to become the sociology of Chicago itself – a detailed anthropological mapping of the social territories that made the city and its particular thrust • The city of Chicago was an exploding mosaic of contrasting social worlds. Its growth was extraordinary advancing as it did from a small log in 1833 to a substantial city by 1900 • Park observed that the whole city was ‘ in a state of agitation everything seems to be undergoing a change. • Society is apparently not much more than a congeries and constellation of social atoms • It was the Chicago university that allowed curiosity to become a stable tradition • The city was to be grasped as a laboratory in which all the nuances and interconnections of social life could be observed www.not
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