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SOC102H1 Chapter Notes -Queer Eye, Prejudice, Homophobia

3 pages33 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC102H1
Professor
1305523660960

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Sociology- Sexualities-(social problems)
Homosexuality is an attraction,physical and emotional, to ppl of the same sex.
Sexual orientation is a sexual attraction to ppl of a particular sex
Queer is a terms to describe ppl who identify themselves as anything other than heterosexual
LGBTQacronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual transgendered, queer often used to speak of the LGBTQ
community
In early 20th cen north America, most ppl held the view that sexuality is fixed and binary
Dr Alfred Kinsey showed that human sexual orientation lies on a continuum, with heterosexuality at
one end and homosexuality at the other
The Canadian community health survey, was the 1st survey to have included sexual orientation as a
question.
Some ppl fall outside the rigid gender binary: they do not fit easily into either of the socially or
biologically defined roles of male and female
Transgendered term for any gender-variant person(they cannot with identify their birth sex/ gender)
Bisexual someone who is sexually attracted so both sexes
Cross-dressers aka transvestites
The most important step in the sexual career is “coming out”
Sexual identityhow a person self identifies-whether as straight gay, lesbian etc
Behaviour that we wud consider homosexual today such as anal sex btwn 2 males was not assumed in
ancient Greece to reveal a person’s sexual identity
The Greeks felt one couldn’t readily infer sexual identity from sexual actions
Countries with restrictive morality laws believe that homosexual behavious is morally wrong and
threatening to society.
in these jurisdictions, punishments for homosexual relations may include imprisonment lashes or
even death
Confucian philosophy did not oppose homosexuality unless the fam forbade it
Researchers have replaced the earlier anthropological term “berdache” with the term “2 spirit” or “2
spirited” to refer to North American Aboriginal thinking about Aboriginals who are gay, lesbian etc
Often two spirited or the related concept of the “third gender” in Native communities is invoked as a
sort of myth to accommodate Western notions of transsexuality
The term “2 spirited” devised by Native activists in 1990 has been to reconnect with Aboriginal cultural
tradition.
it signals a fluid sexual identity, and in this respect it moves beyond the binary distinction between
gay and straight, male and female that is common in Western traditions
Aboriginal ppl who identify as “2 spirited” not only encounter heterosexism and sexism but often also
suffer racism from both society at large and queer identity movements
Functionalist perspectiveanything that upsets clear role expectations and situational norms is
socially disruptive
From the functionalist perspective the decline of heteronormativity and the blurring of gender lines
pose problems for social order.
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