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Sense of Sociability.docx

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University of Toronto St. George

Sense of Sociability Classes and Workplaces  Classes in sociological thinking are groups of ppl who share a common economic condition, interest according to Marx class is the relationship to the means of productions (that is to tech and capital)  The relationship of ppl to the “means of production” is critical to this way of thinking. This dividing line separates those who must sell their work, their times, or labours power to earn wages so they can survive from those who buy this work and gain profits from the goods and services that workers produce. nd the profit gained by the 2 groups depends on the price of the manufactured product minus the cost of labour.  Archibald asserts that our alienation from others is characterized by 4 features 1. We feel indifference or separation from others 2. When we approach others its fro narrow egoistic purposes 3.when we interact with others we feel more controlled that in control 4. When we relate to others it is with feelings of dissatisfaction and even hostility according to this theory we feel some fear, inadequacy, and discomfort when interacting with ppl from a higher class. We don’t know their norms, expectations etc  Studies show that ppl date others who are in the same social class ex: ppl who attend ivy leagues marry other ppl who attend ivy leagues too this is y W. Loyd Warner said that well-established communities have a 9-lvl status order ranging from a lower-lower class all the way to an upper-upper class  Ronald Ingleheart showed that in many parts of the world class conflict is disappearing younger generations hold what he calls “materialist” values that necessitate conflict over the means of production. ppl in other parts of the world ppl are concerning themselves more with sexism, racism, ageism religious discrimination etc.  HabitusPierre Bourdieu used to describe the set of dispositions that are shaped by ppls social location and help to reproduce social structure.  Class prejudice is not a by-product of class conflict, it is a tool in class conflict, a means of conducting the conflict  Archibalds observationppl of diff class don’t trust each other; they r likely to hide their true motives and limit the flow of info anyone who knows info on someone ultimately “owns” them and controls them  C Wright Mills pointed out in 1951 we are all trained to be salesmen. we need to persuade and manipulate others using face-work and emotion-work.  Max Weber theorybureaucracies are especially good @ storing and spreading information in rational and effective ways (that is somewhat why they were invented) but in societies with rigid class hierarchies bureaucracies become terrains for fighting class and status warfare  Most cross-class abuses are psychological or economic, not physical; further most are sins of omissions not commission the rich try to ignore the poor as much as possible  Ppl assume that ppl who r poor are poor bcuz they didn’t get edu or they made wrong choices this ignores 2 things 1. Not everyone can afford uni 2. Ppl who r extremely rich make wrong choices but they dnt suffer damaging outcomes bcuz they were born into a rich family  Money can’t buy u happiness but w.o it u can become sick and live a shorter life span  Whitehall studies studies conducted in Britain which analyzed the health and employment records of British civil servants who work in a block of buildings collectively referred to as “Whitehall” it using data collected over many decades, showed that a given individuals position in the job hierarchy was a key predictor of health and longevity: the higher the position the better life style  Merton’s theory of anomie, ppl deal with their social disadv (gap bwtn their opportunities and aspirations) in various ways  Some ppl adopt what Merton called a “bureaucratic personality” they become ritualists going thru the motions of conformity w.o believing in the states societal or organizational goals; result- they become zombies.  Others become retreatists, either physically ( by isolating themselves from society as hermits in low pay jobs) or mentally. mental retreatists rely on drugs others with alcohol; the person can no longer commit to their responsibilities and if they commit crime society sends him/her to therapy  Merton termed crime as a form of innovation aimed at solving the socially structured problem of a gap betwn ends and means. th th  Mary Wollstonecraft in the late 18 cen and Harriet Matineau 19 cen gained fame for drawing attn to the economic and political problems women faced. John stuart mill helped  Double standardmen are suppose to want s
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