Textbook Notes (368,107)
Canada (161,650)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC218H1 (13)
Eric Fong (13)

SOC218- Asian Communities Chinese Immigrant

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Eric Fong

SOC218- Asian Communities 1. Contemporary Chinese-Canadians (8) - Chinese has been in Canada for >130 years, only 1947 and after, they received civil rights - 1967&after mid 1980s, there are more Chinese-Canadian Communities (reflect old & new culture) Geographic Distribution and Demographic Characteristics - 1991: of 27M Canadians, 516,900 claimed Chinese as mother tongue, and 12.5% of 4.1M Canadian tongue in immigrants - caused by number of immigrants rather than natural growth - Chinese in Canada lived in Ontario & British Columbia, Ontario accounts for 46% while BC is 31%, other 12% in Alberta, 7% in Quebec and 4% for other places (1991) - Chinese tend to settle in Metropolitan centres, Toronto & Vancouver (66% of all Chinese in Can) - Majority of Chinese in Canada remained foreign-born (75%).. because o Unbalanced sex ratio among Chinese-Canadians in the pre-war years, delayed growth o Main* decrease of C-C due to influx of Chinese immigrants to Can after 1967, diluting it th o 63% of CC are from 1971 and after, those who paid head tax to Canada was first 2 decades of 20 century, before 1946 - 60 % were CC were 16-45 yo while 60% natives born are 16 and under o youth population in native born Chinese suggest the emergence of 2dand 3 gen was slow but it has been st replenished by descendants of a continuous flow of 1 gen immig. - Older people have larger populations in foreign born group than native born o Pattern of immigration and log delay in growth of subsequent generations - Challenges o Mistreatment in past, unable to gain public support to change discriminating policies o Challenges movement to social equality lately o Hard to enter politics: small number of CBC, large immigrants, relative young age o Main source is immigrantscontinuous manifestation in linguistic & social characteristic Linguistic Characteristics - Chinese mother tongue is 75% in 1981 & 77% in 1991, used by 63% of CC - Language Loss o 1991: 32% used English as Home Language larger than 18% in 1981 o mother tongue was Chinese, 83% still spoke Chinese while 17% used English, shift of - English of Home language is greater than English of Mother tongue - In total, 36% of all those of ChinesesOrigin experience loss of the Chinese language o high level of ancestral language retention among the Chinese has to do with predominance of first gen immigrants o comfort with the language suggest there will be larger trend of loss Chinese language - Bilingual of Chinese Canadians is only 3% in 1971 ,4% in 1981 and 6% in 1991 - Speaking English and no French is 77% in 1971, 76% in 1981 and 77% in 1991 o Official language spoke by most CC was English consistent with Native & Foreign - Neither English & French was 19% of all CC, and 16% in 1991 (1/6 Canadians) o Would reach barriers, higher among foreign than those natives o Among native-born CC in 1991, 9% cannot speak neither, but it included school aged student (unfair) - Unable to speak both language, it is not a problem for urban cities but handicap for those in small towns The Contemporary Chinese-Canadian Family - women- came after WW2, after 1967, conjugal family life spreading - 1971: 83% of Chinese belongs to census family (husbands & wife with or w/o unmarried children) o 7% of Chinese belonged to economic family (parents living with their married child and his/her family) o 10% did not live in family household o CC in census family was slightly lower than 87% - Changing definition of families means family data cannot be compared o 1991: 55% as compared to 69% to Canadians, belong to husband-wife family with no additional person except children o more CC live in husband-wife family with additional persons, 17% to 7% for Canadians o persistent differences between CC to Canadians suggest that more than 70% of CC and other Canadians belonged to a husband-wife family, Chinese more likely to have additional person, other than children, living with them o 2% of CC (2% of Can) belong to multiple family household (hh with more than one fam) - fertility and family size were no substantial differences between CC and Canadians - 67%>64% (Canadian wins), for family with 2-4 people while 23% of CC have fam w/ 5 and more
More Less

Related notes for SOC218H1

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.