Textbook Notes (368,107)
Canada (161,650)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC218H1 (13)
Eric Fong (13)
Chapter

SOC218- Asian Communities Chinese Immigrant

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC218H1
Professor
Eric Fong
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC218- Asian Communities 1. Contemporary Chinese-Canadians (8) - Chinese has been in Canada for >130 years, only 1947 and after, they received civil rights - 1967&after mid 1980s, there are more Chinese-Canadian Communities (reflect old & new culture) Geographic Distribution and Demographic Characteristics - 1991: of 27M Canadians, 516,900 claimed Chinese as mother tongue, and 12.5% of 4.1M Canadian tongue in immigrants - caused by number of immigrants rather than natural growth - Chinese in Canada lived in Ontario & British Columbia, Ontario accounts for 46% while BC is 31%, other 12% in Alberta, 7% in Quebec and 4% for other places (1991) - Chinese tend to settle in Metropolitan centres, Toronto & Vancouver (66% of all Chinese in Can) - Majority of Chinese in Canada remained foreign-born (75%).. because o Unbalanced sex ratio among Chinese-Canadians in the pre-war years, delayed growth o Main* decrease of C-C due to influx of Chinese immigrants to Can after 1967, diluting it th o 63% of CC are from 1971 and after, those who paid head tax to Canada was first 2 decades of 20 century, before 1946 - 60 % were CC were 16-45 yo while 60% natives born are 16 and under o youth population in native born Chinese suggest the emergence of 2dand 3 gen was slow but it has been st replenished by descendants of a continuous flow of 1 gen immig. - Older people have larger populations in foreign born group than native born o Pattern of immigration and log delay in growth of subsequent generations - Challenges o Mistreatment in past, unable to gain public support to change discriminating policies o Challenges movement to social equality lately o Hard to enter politics: small number of CBC, large immigrants, relative young age o Main source is immigrantscontinuous manifestation in linguistic & social characteristic Linguistic Characteristics - Chinese mother tongue is 75% in 1981 & 77% in 1991, used by 63% of CC - Language Loss o 1991: 32% used English as Home Language larger than 18% in 1981 o mother tongue was Chinese, 83% still spoke Chinese while 17% used English, shift of - English of Home language is greater than English of Mother tongue - In total, 36% of all those of ChinesesOrigin experience loss of the Chinese language o high level of ancestral language retention among the Chinese has to do with predominance of first gen immigrants o comfort with the language suggest there will be larger trend of loss Chinese language - Bilingual of Chinese Canadians is only 3% in 1971 ,4% in 1981 and 6% in 1991 - Speaking English and no French is 77% in 1971, 76% in 1981 and 77% in 1991 o Official language spoke by most CC was English consistent with Native & Foreign - Neither English & French was 19% of all CC, and 16% in 1991 (1/6 Canadians) o Would reach barriers, higher among foreign than those natives o Among native-born CC in 1991, 9% cannot speak neither, but it included school aged student (unfair) - Unable to speak both language, it is not a problem for urban cities but handicap for those in small towns The Contemporary Chinese-Canadian Family - women- came after WW2, after 1967, conjugal family life spreading - 1971: 83% of Chinese belongs to census family (husbands & wife with or w/o unmarried children) o 7% of Chinese belonged to economic family (parents living with their married child and his/her family) o 10% did not live in family household o CC in census family was slightly lower than 87% - Changing definition of families means family data cannot be compared o 1991: 55% as compared to 69% to Canadians, belong to husband-wife family with no additional person except children o more CC live in husband-wife family with additional persons, 17% to 7% for Canadians o persistent differences between CC to Canadians suggest that more than 70% of CC and other Canadians belonged to a husband-wife family, Chinese more likely to have additional person, other than children, living with them o 2% of CC (2% of Can) belong to multiple family household (hh with more than one fam) - fertility and family size were no substantial differences between CC and Canadians - 67%>64% (Canadian wins), for family with 2-4 people while 23% of CC have fam w/ 5 and more
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