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SOC246H1 (20)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3

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University of Toronto St. George
William Magee

Week 8: March 7 LIFE COURSE Chapter 3 Life Course Transitions Introduction: Age norms: informal rules that specify age-appropriate roles and behaviour o Determine when people marry, how many children they have etc. life course approach: human development is not only based on biological processes but also influenced by psychological, social, historical and economic factors The Life Course Framework the life course framework: historical events, individual decisions and opportunities, and our early life experiences determine later life outcome o E.g. individual decision: having a child later in lifeat a time when this couple should be saving for retirement, they will be paying for college The lifelong consequences of individual decisions The life course of individuals is shaped partially by such decisions and partially by events that are beyond a persons control As people age, they move through different social roles that provide them with different identitiesstudent, husband or wife, worker, parent (These role changes= transitions) o Transitions are age-graded: there are certain expectations when the transitions from one role to another should take place www.notesolution.com E.g. societal expectations regarding when people should bear their first children Countertransitions: produced by others role changes o E.g. when you have a child, your father automatically becomes a grandfather Trajectory: a series of transitions o E.g. The trajectory of work: three stages1) preparation for work (education), 2) work and 3) retirement o There are multiple pathways in the ordering and timing of life events (trajectories are not stable and dont have a clear order as in the example) E.g. gender differences in employment trajectorieswomen having more disorderly work careers than men as they move in and out of the labor force to care for children Influences on the life course approach o Age Stratification Theory: Age is one of the bases for regulating social interaction and for ascribing status The timing of the entry into and exit from social positions has age-related consequences The pattern of biological aging and the sequence of age-related roles are altered by historical events www.notesolution.com
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