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Chapter 8

Chapter 8

11 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC246H1
Professor
William Magee

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Week 9: March 14
FAMILY & SUPPORT
Chapter 8 Family Relationships and Social Support System”
Defining the Concept of Social Support System
Social support system: the network of relatives, friends, and organizations
that provides both emotional support, such as making the individual feel loved
or comforted, and instrumental support, which refers to help in managing
activities of daily living
oSupport function: what network members actually do
Older people are firmly embedded in an extensive social
support
Division of labor within the support network
Family providing more instrumental support and friends more
emotional support
Support bank: deposits are made early in the life course in anticipation of
future needs, or withdrawals
The convoy model of social relations: The convoy consists of close social
relationships that provide a protective layer surrounding an individual from
birth to old age
oIndividuals convoy provide assistance with everyday needs such as
health care or finances as well as emotional support and affirmation of
an individuals hopes and goals
www.notesolution.com
Not all social relations are positive all the time—especially in the family
relationships, feelings of ambivalence are common
oPositive and negative aspects of families and social relations across
the life course
Gender Differences in Social Support System
Women are more likely to maintain social networks
oAs a result, women have more people in their support networks, more
frequent contact with network members (advantage in old age)
oIts drawbacks: more conflict between network members and women
are more likely to be negatively affected by the stressful events that
occur among people who are close to them
Changing Family Structure and Social Support System
Nuclear family: a traditional two-parent family composed of husband, wife,
and child
Extended family: includes the network of familial relationships—
grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces, and nephews—outside the
nuclear family
oThe structure of a persons family affects the structure of that persons
social support system
Family life has become more complex than it was in earlier times
oDeclining in mortality= potential for people at all stages of the life
course to experience complex kin relationships and to be part of an
intricate web of intergenerational family ties
www.notesolution.com
Older people today are more likely to have a living sibling
oVerticalization: the increase in links (vertical ties) between preceding
and subsequent generations
Bean pole family structure: the family looks like a bean pole
because of an increase in the numbers of generations in a
family alive at the same time—grandparents, parents, children,
grandchildren, great-children
Marital Status in Later Life
Most women outlive their husbands
oBecause women marry men older than themselves
Older men are more likely to be married
oBecause widowed men are more likely to remarry than widowed
women
Marital Satisfaction over the Life Course
U-shaped pattern
oMarital satisfaction is high in the early years, decline during the child-
rearing years, and the begin to rise, peaking in the retirement years
Arrival of children= the initial decline in the marital satisfaction
oResponsibilities increase and less time for other satisfying activities
oWhen children leave the home, marital quality tends to improve
Currently, about half of all marriages end in divorce
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Week 9: March 14 FAMILY & SUPPORT Chapter 8 Family Relationships and Social Support System Defining the Concept of Social Support System Social support system: the network of relatives, friends, and organizations that provides both emotional support, such as making the individual feel loved or comforted, and instrumental support, which refers to help in managing activities of daily living o Support function: what network members actually do Older people are firmly embedded in an extensive social support Division of labor within the support network Family providing more instrumental support and friends more emotional support Support bank: deposits are made early in the life course in anticipation of future needs, or withdrawals The convoy model of social relations: The convoy consists of close social relationships that provide a protective layer surrounding an individual from birth to old age o Individuals convoy provide assistance with everyday needs such as health care or finances as well as emotional support and affirmation of an individuals hopes and goals www.notesolution.com Not all social relations are positive all the timeespecially in the family relationships, feelings of ambivalence are common o Positive and negative aspects of families and social relations across the life course Gender Differences in Social Support System Women are more likely to maintain social networks o As a result, women have more people in their support networks, more frequent contact with network members (advantage in old age) o Its drawbacks: more conflict between network members and women are more likely to be negatively affected by the stressful events that occur among people who are close to them Changing Family Structure and Social Support System Nuclear family: a traditional two-parent family composed of husband, wife, and child Extended family: includes the network of familial relationships grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces, and nephewsoutside the nuclear family o The structure of a persons family affects the structure of that persons social support system Family life has become more complex than it was in earlier times o Declining in mortality= potential for people at all stages of the life course to experience complex kin relationships and to be part of an intricate web of intergenerational family ties www.notesolution.com
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