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SOC355H1 (32)

SOC355H1-In and Out of the Ethnic Economy.docx

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Alexandra Marin

In and Out of the Ethnic Economy: A Longitudinal Analysis of Ethnic Networks and Pathways to Economic Success Across Immigrant Categories By Wendy D. Roth, Marc-David L. Seidel, Dennis Ma and Eiston Lo Main Findings:  Examines longitudinal differences across immigrant categories on how the choice of ethnic or non-ethnic workplace influences a) the ethnic composition of social networks and b) the immigrant’s economic success  Using Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada- data 6 months, 2 years, and 4 years after arrival  Found support on both sides of the ethnic economy debate  Economic immigrants benefit from non-ethnic workplaces  Family immigrants do better in ethnic workplaces  The initial sorting of immigrants into visa categories largely constrict their paths of incorporation  Two sides of the debate: 1. Ethnic economy provides alternate route mobility for immigrants who may be penalized by language and cultural barriers 2. Immigrant employees experience disadvantages in ethnic workplaces relative to open economies  Many immigrants rely on ethnic ties for scarce resources and information to facilitate their settlement (upon arrival)  Yet, because of network homophily, social support may lead to less diverse social networks  become excluded from economic and social mainstream, coined “segmented trajectory of adaptation” by Nee and Sanders  Those who arrive with or develop high stocks of social capital and lower of human capital, are more likely to work in ethnic communities  Those who arrive with higher levels of human capital are more likely to move into open economy  Distinct immigrant categories (economic, family reunification, and refugee) associated with different motivations, skills, and forms of capital  Economic immigrants selected for ability to rely on human or financial capital as primary resource for integration  Family reunification – ethnic social capital from support of relatives and established ethnic community  Refugees do not arrive with any forms of capital – but often sponsored by the government of private groups- helps them form social ties outside their ethnic community  “labor market suitability” refers to immigrants ability to fit with economy  ethnic network portfolios – choice of workplace/ influences of ethnic composition of social networks  offers 3 different contributions to research: 1. examines how different categories of immigrants transition between workplace types in initial years after settlement 2. identify causal relationships between work-place type + ethnicity of subsequen
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