SPA100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Diphthong

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SPANISH SPA100Y1 NOTES
Chapter 5
(5.3) STEM CHANGING VERBS (diphthong: O » UE)
In Spanish, there are verbs called diphthong verbs. They are regular verbs that have a vowel
change in order to make their pronunciation easier. The vowel change occurs in the last vowel
(before the ending).
There are two types of stem changing verbs: E to IE, and O to UE. Chapter four focuses on E to
IE and chapter five focuses on O to UE (see below).
The vowel change, from Oto UE, only occurs if the verb is being conjugated at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd
person singular (yo, tu, él, ella, usted) as well as the 3rd person plural (ellos, ellas, ustedes). The
verb remains unchanged at the 1st and 2nd person plural (nosotros(as), vosotros(as)).
CONTAR (to count) VOLVER (to return)DORMIR (to sleep)
YoCUENTOVUELVODUERMO
TúCUENTASVUELVES DUERMES
Él/Ella
Usted CUENTAVUELVEDUERME
Nosotros
NosotrasCUENTAMOSVUELVEMOSDORMIMOS
Vosotros
VosotrasCUENTÁISVUELVÉISDORMÍS
Ellos/Ella
s
UstedesCUENTAN VUELVENDUERMEN
OTHER DIPHTHONG VERBS: almorzar (to have lunch), contar (to tell, to count), costar (to
cost), dormir (to sleep), encontrar (to find), llover (to rain), morir (to die), recordar (to remember),
volar (to fly), volver (to return).
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Document Summary

Chapter 5 (5. 3) stem chang ing verbs (diphthong: o ue) In spanish, there are verbs called diphthong verbs. They are regular verbs that have a vowel change in order to make their pronunciation easier. The vowel change occurs in the last vowel (before the ending). There are two types of stem changing verbs: e to i e , and o to ue. I e and chapter five focuses on o to ue (see below). The vowel change, from oto ue, only occurs if the verb is being conjugated at the 1st, 2nd and 3rd person singular (yo, tu, l, ella, usted) as well as the 3rd person plural (ellos, ellas, ustedes). The verb remains unchanged at the 1st and 2nd person plural (nosotros(as), vosotros(as)). In spanish, present progressives (i am going) exist. These present progressives are used to indicate an action that is happening at the moment. To form the present progressive in spanish, you use the following form:

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