WDW205 Textbook Summary - Chapter 2

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University of Toronto St. George
Woodsworth College Courses
William Watson

Criminology WDW205H1 F September 17, 2010 Note Series 2 Chapter 2 The Criminal Law and Its Process The Origins of Law Code of Hammurabi- the first written criminal code developed in Babylonia about 2000BC Lex Talionis- punishment based on physical retaliation (an eye for an eye) Mosaic Code- by tradition, the covenant between God and the tribes of Israel in which they agreed to obey his law, as presented to them by Moses, in return for Gods special care and protection Wergild- under medieval law, the money paid for y the offender to compensate the victim and the state for a criminal offence Oath Helpers- during the middle ages, groups of 12 to 25 people who would support the accuseds innocence Stare Decisis- the principle that the courts are bound to follow the law established in previously decided cases (precedent) unless the law was overruled by a higher authority Common Law VS Statutory Law Common Law- early English law, developed by judges, that incorporated Anglo-Saxon tribal custom, feudal rules and practices, and the everyday rules of behaviour of local villages. Common law became the standardized law of the land in England and eventually formed the basis of the criminal law in Canada and the United States Statutory Law- written law as decided by the legislature or other government agency. It reflects existing social conditions dealing with issues of morality such as gambling and drug-related offences. the difference?Under common law, new laws are made
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