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Chapter 3

Chapter 3 All the information plus the blanks and extra information said in class

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1001A/B
Shauna Burke

Chapter 3 Psychological Health Lecture 4 September 23 2010 Required Reading: Chapter 3, pp. 63-92 Psychosocial Health Encompasses the mental, emotional, social, and spiritual dimensions of health What is Psychological Health? It is NOT/ CANNOT be: Defined as Psychological normality o Normal = close to average o Psychosocial diversity is valuable, dont have the same normal for psychological health Determined on the basis of symptoms alone o E.g., anxiety sadness Determined from the way people look (people can hide their emotions, its not easy to tell if someone is suffering psychologically) It IS: The absence of [mental] sickness o Negative definition o Narrow The presence of [mental] wellness o Positive definition o Broad Fulfillment of human potential o Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Maslows Hierarchy of Needs: Described an ideal of mental health (self-actualization) Studies individuals who lived full lives (psychologically healthy people) Advanced a hierarchy of needs in order of urgency o Physiological needs = most urgent When urgent needs are satisfied, we move up the pyramid, less urgent needs take priority Those who make it to the top of the needs hierarchy achieve self-actualization Self- actualized individuals = psychologically health individuals Characterized by several specific qualities: o Realism: people are realistic, they have a realistic view of the world around them and themselves, they dont try to change the things they cant, they can cope with world around them without demanding it to be different o Acceptance: accept themselves for who they are, have a positive self concept/self- esteem, value self worth o Autonomy: direct themselves and own behaviour, are not afraid to be themselves, are comfortable being who they are, tend to have an internal locus of control, have high level of self- efficacy o Capacity for intimacy: able to give love and receive love, able to have intimate relationships physically and emotionally, able to share feelings and thoughts without fear of rejection o Creativity: being open minded, open to new experiences, dont fear unknown, not just artistically creative Can We Reach Self- Actualization? An ideal to strive for Cannot redo the past (e.g., childhood past experiences, etc.) Must concentrate on successfully meeting current challenges Characteristics of a Psychologically Healthy Individual: 1) Feel comfortable about themselves; experience the full range of human emotions but are not overcome by them(people who are pscychologically healthy do experience negative emotions but they dont let it get the best of them) 2) Interact well with other; are able to give and receive love; have satisfying relationships (people can be comfortable with themselves with not always being in the spotlight but interacting with others and having good relationships) 3) Able to meet the demands of life; respond appropriately to problems, accept responsibility, establish realistic goals(Its about dealing with the problems in a positive healthy manner) American National Mental Health Association added these 4) Striking a balance in all aspects of your life 5) Resilience the ability to recapture a sense of psychological wellness within a reasonable time after encountering a difficult situation Canadian Mental Health Association (CMHA) Self- Esteem (SE) Critical component of psychological wellness Increase SE may offset self-destructive behaviours (e.g., unhealthy fad diets), (feeling comfortable with who you are in your own skin prevents you to go through destructive behaviours) Increase SE means finding a balance between your idealized self and where you are now (being okay with who you are but still having a goal to reach, what you want to be) Foundation of SE can be traced to childhood People are eventually responsible for enhancing their own self- esteem(own responsibility for taking care of yourself and your self-esteem) Hardiness Works with SE to ensure psychological health Exists when a person consistently show 3 important traits: 1) A high level of commitment to something or someone in some aspect of your life 2) A sense of control (take control and responsibility for who they are and orchestrating things in their lives) 3) Welcome challenge (take change and use it to shape a your life, taking it in a positive manner)Psychological Disorders: Many people have a less than optimal level of psychological health Most of us will either have emotional problems ourselves or know someone who is experiencing them Result from many factors (e.g., genetic differences, learning and life events), (identical twins can have different psychological disorders even though they are exactly the same) Mood Disorders DEPRESSION: An emotional state characterized by feelings of sadness, melancholy, dejection, worthlessness, emptiness, and hopelessness that are inappropriate and out of proportion to reality. Mosby (1997) o Longer lasting than feelings of hopelessness and sadness Becomes an illness when these feelings are severe, last for several weeks, last for several weeks, and being to interfere with ones work and social life(some people suffer for years and years before they get treatment if they even get treatment at all) Depression: Any of the following may be indications of depression: o Feeling worthless, helpless, or hopeless o Sleeping more or less than usual o Eating more or less than usual/ weight loss o Having difficulty concentrating or
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