Health Sciences 1002A/B Human Rights as a Framework for Health .docx

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Jessica Polzer

Health Science 1002A Human Rights as a Framework for Health November 29, 2012 Concepts • Universal Declaration of Human Rights • 5 Core Notions of Human Rights • Mainstreaming • Right to Health • Human rights approach to health What are Human Rights? • 3 Features: 1. Universal 2. Based on values of equality, freedom, solidarity 3. Distinct from privilege • Rights means that you are automatically granted rights by the state/government, that you live under – and rights are important because it provides you with a legitimate basis in which you can base claims Universal Declaration of Human Rights: A Brief History • Adopted by the UN on December 10, 1048 • The aftermath of international destruction of humans • 5 core notions underlying the Declaration 5 Core Notions 1. Human Dignity > born free and have equal dignity and rights 2. Nondiscrimination > the idea that human rights are rights that are applied in nondiscriminatory ways 3. Civil & Political Rights > human beings should be freed from abuses of political authority (freedom of expression, opinions)  Negative Rights – they call upon or ask the government not to interfere with the basic need to express oneself (verbally, in writing, etc) 4. Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights  Positive rights – they on or expect the government to exercise these rights so humans can live with dignity (rights such as food, health care, education, etc.) 5. Solidarity Rights > a just (fair) social and international order (ex. Rights to peach, preservation of cultural heritage, etc.) – there is an international focus on this (globalization increasing interdependence in different states) The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples • On September 13, 2007, the UN adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples • Establishes a universal framework of minimum standards for the survival, dignity, well-being and rights of the world’s indigenous peoples • Canada was one of only four nations to vote against it The Declaration Recognizes: 1. Rights to unrestricted self-determination 2. Rights to collective ownership, use and control of lands, territories and other natural resources 3. Rights to maintain and develop cultural and intellectual property 4. That indigenous people must consent to any activities that will have an impact on indigenous peoples  All of them were forced to live traditional land and put on reserve (big problem because they were resistant to this) 5. The requirement for fair and adequate compensation for violations of human rights • Canada joins other countries in supporting the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous peoples
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