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Chapter

Colonialism - Alfred.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
Philosophy 2810F/G
Professor
Jennifer Epp

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COLONIALISM AND STATE DEPENDENCY – ALFRED INTRODUCTION  Indigenous struggles against colonialism consist of efforts to redress  Removed from the land and traditional cultural activities  Create near total psychological, physical and financial dependency on the state  Those who resisted or refused the benefits of assimilation, government policies assured a life of certain indignity  Cultural dislocation has led to despair, real deprivation is the erosion of an ethic of universal respect and responsibility that used to be the hallmark of indigenous societies  The self – hating inward turn of this negative energy in reaction to colonization is one of the most damaging aspects of the problem  Oppression experienced over such a long time  Recognizing that colonial injustices and oppression have had effects on both individuals and collectives  Internalize the oppressor – at this point, the self worth of the individual and or group has sunk to a level of despair tantamount to self hatred  Men tend to channel their rage externally, as a consequence gendered violence has become endemic within first nations communities  Individualizing efforts actually work to compound the problems by promoting further alienation  Effort to reintegrate the essential features and benefits of a reconnection to homeland and of traditional ingenious land based cultural practices  Reconfiguring first nations politics and replacing current strategies, institutions and leadership structures with those rooted in and drawing legitimacy from indigenous cultures is necessary  Decolonization starts becoming a reality when people collectively and consciously reject colonial identities and institutions  Integrationist and unchallenging aboriginal vision is designed to lead first nations into oblivious  Not a shred of empirical evidence that increasing the material wealth of indigenous people or increasing the economic development of first nations communities in any way improves the mental or physical health or overall well being of people in first nations communities  Notion of change seeks to alter the situation be reorienting people’s mindsets and to reshape colonial identities that create unhealthy and destructive incentives and imperatives  Te real exile of the tribes occurred with the destruction of the ceremonial life and failure or inability of white society to offer a sensible and cohesive alternative COLONIALISM IN CANADA  There is no evidence of any superiority of one group of people over another  What we refer to as a colonialism is actually a theoretical framework for understanding the complexities of the relationship that evolved between indigenous peoples and the Europeans  Terra nullis – Canada’s legal claim to a territory is based on the doctrine of terra nullis  Dependency aspect of the colonial enterprise by accounting for the common end – result of diverse economic relations between indigenous populations and the colonial regime  The early peace and friendship treaties recognizing indigenous nationhood and sovereignty and guaranteeing protection of indigenous homelands flow from this politico-economic imperative  Resource extraction activities and of white settlement in indigenous homelands has been the disruption of traditional patterns of economic life  Gets beneath government claims to be regulating in the public interest - usually framed in terms of conservation  A particularly effective government tactic was to deny services to remote communities in order to spur migrations to urban centres  Imperial arrogance takes the form of literature, scholarship and art to demonstrate the eminent merits and to replicate the simple fabricated facts and narratives needed to justify colonial privilege  The behaviours from them must be linked to their roots as a way of tracing the imperial mentality to its source  It is not indigenous dysfunctiong that is the root problem but the dispossession of indigenous people from the land and their subsequent oppressive treatment on reserves in the Indian act system  Self government and economic development are ineffective ways of confronting colonialism  Enforced islation and poverty on reserves is no different from the destructive exploitation of the land  The struggle to live in the face of colonialism must be done in an indigenous way according to indigenous needs, values and principles  The resurgence of an indigenous consciousness is an explosive potential capable of
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