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Western University
Philosophy 2810F/G
Jennifer Epp

POVERTY RELIEF, GLOBAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE PROBLEM OF COMPLIANCE FULLER • Negative Thesis: • Positive Thesis: the way that we should respond to global poverty is to use NGO aid given a bit of reformation on the part of NGOS • Speaks about ideal and non-ideal theory speaking to the idea of compliance - Buchanan talks about the same thing • Fuller knows that everyone is not going to comply, so we should do things in real world mentality and not thinking to utopian TWO VIEWS OF RESPONSIBILITY • Individual moral responsibility and solutions. as individuals we have a moral obligation to give generously to organizations such as Oxfam in order to prevent harm caused by extreme poverty Institutional moral responsibility and solutions. Institutions are at the root of the prob- • lem and so institutional reform is clearly the solution we can say that NGO aid prevents further harm, but we may not have mitigated exist- • ing harm - does Pogge solution get to the root of the problem, and further do we need to get to the root of the problem ARGUMENT FRAMEWORK • Pogge - an institutional response - the GRD is workable, morally appropriate and bet- ter than NGO aid • why better? capricious funding; population access; donor fatigue, handout aura • Fuller: Pogge's proposal - and ideal theory solutions wont work and reformed use of NGO aid will work FULLERS SOLUTION • Respond via NGO delivered aid - where NGOs are understood as political, non state actors part of international civil society • as such, it is appropriate to expect political legitimacy and accountability • NGO reforms - require that donations be general, licensing • they are a part of our governance system NGO LEGITIMACY AND ACCOUNTABILITY • NGO reforms • - require that donations be general • - eliminate politically targeted giving • - eliminate competition for popular money • - enable co operation, long term projects • Require public reason - esp 2 recipients of aid • - publicly accessible, appeals, regulated - public reason is the idea that everyone should be able, if they are reasonable, that the reasons given for an action are reason- able and the majority of the population would agree • - aids substantive and procedural fairness - substantive means that aid would go to places it was most needed more often, procedural - the way the decisions were made would be more fair and this would improve credibility • - enables improvement, credibility • Official Third Part Monit
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