Psychology 3130A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 6-11: Modus Tollens, Modus Ponens, Venn Diagram

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Chapter 6 inference and inducion: what is an inducive inference, what were the negaive and posiive theses about inducion as proposed by hume, briely explain goodman"s problem of inducion (use the grue example, if you like). Natural kinds, and how can this explain the same thing: know how to recognize, briely describe, and/or give an example for each of the following efects with respect to categorical inducion: The role of inducion in thinking: inferences and conclusion. Inference: conclusion based on available evidence: generalizaion. We rely on inducive reasoning to discover something new by thinking. How inducion works: hume"s problem of inducion. Concern that it is a circular argument: basic learning mechanisms. Cogniive systems rely on the process of associaive learning: simulus generalizaion. The universal law of simulus generalizaion: goodman"s problem of inducion. Green and grue emeralds: entrenchment and natural kinds. Entrenchment: a term or a property has a history of usage within a culture or language.

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