1) Learning is any relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is due to
2) Conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in an
3) Classical conditioning: Classical conditioning (Pavlovian conditioning) is a
type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response
that was originally evoked by another stimulus.
a. Pavlov’s Demonstration: “Psychic Reflexes”
i. What Pavlov had demonstrated was how learned associations—which
were viewed as the basic building blocks of the entire learning
process— were formed by events in an organism’s environment.
b. Terminology and procedure
i. The unconditioned stimulus (UCS) is a stimulus that evokes an
unconditioned response without previous conditioning. The