Textbook Notes (369,133)
Canada (162,403)
Psychology (1,978)
PS261 (109)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

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Anneke Olthof

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PS 261 Week 1 Chapter 1  Historical antecedents o Descartes  Cartesian dualism o Nativism  Some ideas are innate o Empiricism  Born with tabula rasa o Hedonism  People do things to receive pleasure and avoid pain o Rules of associations  Primary rules  Aristotle  Contiguity, similarity, contrast  Secondary rules  Brown  Intensity, frequency, recency o Reflex  Decartes was wrong about animal spirits  Bell and Magendie separate sensory and motor paths  Sechenoc provided a reflexive model of voluntary behaviour  Pavlov showed not all reflexes are innate  Lines of work that led to the study of animal learning o Comparative cognition  Darwin  Natural selection implies continuity between human and animal  Romanes  Intelligence in terms of ability to learn  Morgan  A behaviour should not be explained by a complex mental process if it can be explained with a simpler one  Morgan’s canon o Functional neurology  Pavlov  Committed to the principle of nervism o All physiological functions are governed by the nervous system  Studied the conditioning of reflexes to learn about the function of the nervous system  Animal models  Investigation of learning under conditions that are simpler, easily controlled and less expensive  Valid model comparable to target  Similarity between model and behaviour of interest
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