Textbook Notes (368,123)
Canada (161,661)
Psychology (1,957)
PS270 (144)
Chapter

Social Ch 8 by Diana.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS270
Professor
Camie Condon
Semester
Spring

Description
Social Psych Chapter Notes for Chapter 8 Altruism Helping OthersAltruismamotivetoincreaseanotherswelfarewithoutconsciousregardforonesowninterestsWHYDOWEHELP1SOCIALEXCHANGEpg277Helping benefits the giver and the receiverConsidering the costs and rewards affects our behaviourSocialExchangeTheorythetheorythathumaninteractionsaretransactionsthataimtomaximizeonesrewardandminimizeonescostsaRewardsRewards can be intrinsic or extrinsicHelping increases our sense of selfworthBoosts our moodLowers potential for criminal behaviour teen pregnancy school drop outsActivates brain areas linked to rewardWhen external causes for altruism are obvious we tend to credit the causes not the individualEgoismamotivesupposedlyunderlyingallbehaviourtoincreaseyourownwelfareTheoppositeofaltruismwhichaimstoincreasesomeoneelseswelfarebInternalrewardssocial approval motivates helpingWhen approval follows helping helping increasesHelping involves the helpers emotional state and personal traitsGuiltWe act to reduce negative emotionsDistressguiltExperiments show that people will do whatever can be done to get rid of guilt and restore their self image
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