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Chapter 4

Chapter 4-Culture and Health.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS285
Professor
Eric Theriault
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 4­ Culture and Health  What is Culture? • Definition o A system of meanings and symbols, webs of meaning that define a certain  worldview and that cannot be studied or understood apart from this  collective frame Health Belief Systems  • Societies develop various health belief systems, knowledge of which sometimes  confined to those who undergo specialized training  • Three sectors of the health care system are  o Popular sector­ lay cultural arena  o Professional sector­ organized healing professions  o Folk sector­ nonprofessional, non­bureaucratic, specialist sector Western Health Belief Systems  Classical views of health  • Galenic medicine was an expert system developed by the Greeks by Hippocrates  and colleagues  o Balance of four bodily fluids   Yellow bile   Black bile   Phlegm   Blood  o Linked with the four seasons, four elements, four primary conditions Christian Ideas • Illness was often seen as punishment for humankind’s sinfulness • Ascetic tradition scorned concern for the body and instead promoted acts such as  fasting and physical suffering, this lead to spirituality  • Protestant reformation belief was replaced with the idea that the body had been  given to humans by god  • Horne described the body as the temple of god and that is was necessary to keep  clean and pure Biomedicine • Positivism emphasized science based upon direct observation, measurement and  experimentation, gave direct access to the world  • Professional understanding oh health a
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