Mqs critically affect the entire selection process, and are often closely scrutinized for possible adverse impact against designated targeted groups. Screening: the first step of the selection process; involves identifying individuals from the applicant pool who have the minimum qualification for the target positions(s). Candidates passing this first hurdle then undergo more extensive assessment. Designated targeted groups: the four groups (women, aboriginal people, and people with disabilities) designated in the federal government"s employment equity act that receive legal protection in employment policies and practices because of their underrepresentation in the workplace. Recruitment seeks to find a sufficient number of qualified applicant; screening identifies whether those candidates who applied meet minimum requirements and selection reviews each qualified candidate to find individuals who will be most successful in the job. Screening procedure are susceptible to error in the form of both false positives and false negatives.