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Chapter 3

HLST 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Neoliberalism, Social Inequality

Health Studies
Course Code
HLST 1010
Dennis Raphael

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Mahnoor Qureshi
HLST 1010
Chapter 3 summary
In this chapter, we explored a critical political economic
perspective on health in countries around the world; however,
focusing more on Canadian and the U.S. health care system. One of
the views we look at is a materialistic approach and how we use our
resources to gain power in society. Neo-liberalism is a term used to
de/ne free policies or trade that control economic factors while
overlooking the need of poverty in the world. Neo-liberalism
believes that for human well being (i.e. good health care system), a
high GNP is required. However, data shows that if a country is less
developed, a high GNP does not guarantee good health, so GNP is
said to be unassociated with the nations health. Before reading this
chapter, I was aware of the main di6erence in terms of public and
private services and funding between the health care system of
Canada and the U.S., however, I was unaware of the challenges for
their health care systems respectively. After reading this chapter, I
now know that the major challenge for U.S. health care system is to
provide equitable distribution of health care services. Canada’s
major issue lies in reducing waiting lists for patients to receive
immediate care. I also learned how social structures use their power
through media to promote a speci/c idea to in:uence certain
political parties, which is a clear distinction of class and ultimately a
social inequality. Finally, this leads us into how the main issues in
health are not amongst the richer nations but rather, amongst parts
of world where social determinants of health are higher, and require
help from powerful authority.
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