KINE 2050 Chapter Notes -Patricia Hill Collins
DepartmentKinesiology & Health Science
Course CodeKINE 2050
Article I. KINE 1000 TUT
Section I.1 Worksheet Sept 29,
1) According to Patricia Hill Collins, what obstacles makes it difficult to recognize how
we participate in other people’s oppression?
Often there are distrust between different groups as well as differences they may not accept.
Also there is this selfish way of thinking where they place their own needs above everyone
else’s and they have to accomplish all their goals before the others.
2) What is this obstacle called and what are the two parts of it?
The obstacle is called additive analyses, the two parts that make up this obstacle is the ranking
of dichotomous thinking another as well as dichotomous thinking (Either/or thinking).
3) Collin argues that to more effectively disrupt systems of oppression, we need to adopt
new ways of thinking about it. What new ways of thinking is she talking about?
Abandon additive analyses of oppression in favour of ways of thinking which acknowledge that
race, class, and gender are interconnected systems of oppression that privilege and penalize us
4) What are the three levels of oppression and what are some examples that Collin
uses from these three levels to discuss how we can abandon old ways of thinking?
Three levels are: Symbolic (Stereotypical) Individual Institutional
Dichotomy thinking Empathetic School
Gender oppression Social Groups Patriarchal institution
(Pre-Civil war slave