Textbook Notes (363,474)
Canada (158,377)
York University (12,359)
KINE 3340 (20)
Chapter 17

Chapter 17 part 2.doc

4 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 3340
Nickolas Wattie

Effects of Exercise on the Movement DeclineDecline in movement performance is common as adults ageMovement can be maintained and improved well into late adulthood by continuing involvement in movement activitiesRegular physical activity including aerobic activity and muscle strengthening activity is essential for healthy agingEnhancing physical activity levels among older adults could reduce health costs in a relatively short period of timeRecommendation advises exercise in the areas of aerobic activity muscle strengthening flexibility and balanceFor aerobic activity no less than 30 minutes of activity is advised at a moderate to intense level five days of the weekFor muscle strengthening 810 resistance exercises are advised a minimum of two days per weekEach exercise should be done 1015 times at a moderatehigh level of intensityOlder adults are advised to engage in regular flexibilitybuilding exercises a minimum of two days per week for 10 minutesBalance exercises are advised to reduce the chance of injuries from fallsThe activities recommended by the ACSM and AHA are intended to improve overall fitness assist with disease management if disease is present reduce the potential for future chronic diseases and increase lifespanACSM and AHA note that regular physical activity will decrease the potential for cardiovascular diseases stroke high blood pressure type 2 diabetes obesity high chloestoral osteoporosis osteoarthritis claudication cramping limping lower leg pain and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseExercise can also be beneficial in the treatment of depression and anxiety disorders dementia pain congestive heart failure syncope fainting stroke thromboembolism clotting back soreness and constipationIt may also delay cognitive impairment reduce disability and help with sleep disruptionFor those who have difficulty achieving higher levels of healthy physical activity ACSM and AHA recommend reducing sedentary behaviour and increase moderate levels of physical activity in lieu of high levels or vigorous activity while increasing their activity levels in a progressive or gradual way to avoid overuse injuries and excessive sorenessPhysical frailty is modifiable with even a modest program of exerciseActive older adults are more similar to young active adults than to old inactive adults in performance on reaction time choice reaction time and response time tasksThe body build is also more likely to look youthfulIn some cases older adults experience dyspnea painful or difficult breathing which can lead to a fear of overexertion
More Less

Related notes for KINE 3340

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.