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Chapter 4

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1000
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
CHAPTER 4: THE MIND­BODY PROBLEM • Is your mind something different from your brain?  • Are your thoughts, feelings, perceptions sensations and wishes things that happen  in ADDITION to all the physical processes in your brain or are they themselves  some of those physical processes?  • Example: when you bite into a chocolate bar, and a scientist was looking in your  brain while you ate it, he can use instruments to measure what is happening inside  (scientifically) but he cannot observe the experience of tasting chocolate since it is  inside your mind.  • The inside of your mind is a different kind of “Insideness” • Conclusion: there has to be a soul attached to your body in some way which  allows them to interact. • If that is true then you are made up of two very different things: a complex  physical organism and a soul which his purely mental – this view is called  dualism • The view that people consist of nothing but physical matter and that their mental  states are their physical states of their brains is called physicalism(materialism)  • Physicalists believe that mental states are just states of the brain and there is no  philosophical reason to thing they cant be. – details will have to be discovered by  science.  • Dualism is the view that you consist of a body plus a soul and that your mental  life goes on in your soul • Physicalism is the view that your mental life consists of physical processes in  your brain.  • The view that th
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