Textbook Notes (369,140)
Canada (162,411)
York University (12,903)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 1010 (1,086)
Chapter 12

PSYChapter 12.doc

5 Pages
105 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1010
Professor
Myriam Mongrain

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
Jan62004 CHANAPSNotes From ReadingCHAPTER 12 PERSONALITY THEORY RESEARCH AND ASSESSMENTIThe Nature of PersonalityADefining Personality Consistency and Distinctiveness1Concept of personality is used to explain aStability in a persons behavior over time consistencybThe behavioral differences among people reacting to the same situation distinctiveness2Personalityan individuals unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits BPersonality Traits Dispositions and Dimensions 1Personality Traitdurable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations ie honesty dependable moody etc 2Factor Analysiscorrelations among many variables are analyzed to identify closely related clusters of variables CThe Five Factor Model of Personality Traits McCrae and Costa1Extraversionpeople who score high are characterized as outgoing sociable upbeat friendly assertive and gregarious Positive Emotionality2Neuroticismpeople tend to be highly anxious hostile self conscious insecure and vulnerable Negative Emotionality3Openness to Experienceassociated with curiosity flexibility vivid fantasy imaginativeness artistic sensitivity and unconventional attitudes 4Agreeablenesstend to be sympathetic trusting cooperative modest and straightforward 5Conscientiousnesstend to be diligent disciplined well organized punctual and dependable Constraint Higher productivity6Maintain that personality can be described adequately be measuring the basic traits that theyve identified IIPsychodynamic PerspectivesAIntroduction 1Psychodynamic theories incl all the diverse theories descended from the work of Freud which focus on unconscious mental forces BFreuds Psychoanalytic Theory 1Psychoanalytic Theoryattempts to explain personality motivation and psych disorders by focusing on the influence of early childhood experiences unconscious motives and conflicts and methods people use to cope with their sexual and aggressive urges aOpponentspeople control their own minds people are masters of their destinies conservative sex values of time 2Structure of Personalitydivided personality structure into 4 components and saw persons behavior as the outcome of interactions among those 3 componentsaIdprimitive instinctive component of personality that operates according to the pleasure principle ie eating iOperates according to the pleasure principledemands immediate gratification of its urges bEgodecision making component of personality that operates according to the reality personality Ego mediates between the id with forceful desires for immediate satisfaction and the external social world15
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit