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Chapter 5

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York University
PSYC 3140

Chapter 5 – Mood Disorders and Suicide - Accounts for 10% of disabilities and is increasing - Somatic symptoms are related to physiological or bodily functions (includes fatigue, aches and pains, serious changes in appetite and sleep patterns, hygiene, sexual drive) - 6 basic emotions = happiness, sadness, fear, surprise, anger, disgust - Emotions give us color, meaning, intensity in life, are short lived - Moods are less intense but are longer term, can be seconds, minutes, hours, days - Feeling = subjective representation of emotions - Affect = pattern of observable behaviors associated with emotions (facial expression, voice pitch) - Clinical Syndrome = combination of emotional, cognitive, and behavioural symptoms associated with a depressed mood ( ex. Clinical depression) - Mood disorders = are defined in terms of episodes which are discreet periods of time in which the person’s behavior dominated by manic or depressed mood or both - Clinical Depression = 1.sadness persistent overtime, 2. mood change may occur in the absence of precipitating events, 3. impairs social and occupational functioning, 4. includes emotional, cognitive, somatic, or behavioral symptoms, - Emotional Symptoms = brief negative emotions serve a useful communicating function, the way we communicate, intense emotions become problematic to our daily functioning, - Dysphoric mood = feeling gloomy, anxiety - Mania = euphoria, elation, as well as irratibility - Cognitive Symptoms = changes in the way people think and their surroundings, unrealistic explanations, preoccupations and cognitive distortions, thinking slowed down or sped up, memory difficulties, self-blame, suicidal ideation -Behavioral Symptoms = apparent lack of caring for others, changes in the things people do and how they do them, psychomotor retardation in depressed individuals (slow moving, slow thoughts), sped up impulsive behavior in mania - Unipolar Disorders = dysthymia, major derpressive disorder -Bipolar Disorder = - bipolar 1 – manic and mixed
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