Chapter 12: Personality Disorders
Personality = all the ways we have of acting, thinking, believing, and feeling that
make us all unique.
Defining and Diagnosis Personality Disorders…
A personality disorder is a long-stanging pattern of maladaptive behaviours,
thoughts, and feelings.
Can be diagnosed only if an individual has shown symptoms since childhood or
Personality Disorders are on Axis II.
o Clinical Disorders = Axis I.
o People with Personality Disorders can experience clinical syndromes from
People with Personality Disorders tend to not seek treatment until they experience
an Axis I syndrome (e.g. major depression).
Three clusters of Personality Disorders:
o Cluster A: Odd/Eccentric.
Similar to schizophrenia, but not psychotic.
o Cluster B: Dramatic/Erratic/Emotional.
Manipulative, volatile, impulsive, uncaring in social situations.
o Cluster C: Anxious/Fearful.
Little self-confidence, difficult relationships with others.
Personality Disorders are easiest to diagnose, yet the criteria for diagnosis is vague.
Problems with DSM categories
o Many theorists don’t like the categorization of the DSM.
o First: DSM treats PDs as categories; something substantially different from a
John Livesley & Co. = PDs are extreme versions of normal personality.
o Second: a great deal of overlap exists between pers