Clinical Assessment the systematic evaluation and measurement of psychological,
biological and social factors in an individual presenting with a
possible psychological disorder.
Diagnosis the process of determining whether the particular problem afflicting the
individual meets all the criteria for a psychological disorder.
Value of Assessment depends on:
1. Reliability the degree to which a measurement is consistent
2. Validity the degree to which a technique measures what it is designed to
3. Standardization application of certain standards to ensure consistency
across different measurements
Mental Status Exam Relatively coarse preliminary test of a client's judgment,
orientation to time and place, and emotional and mental state;
typically conducted during an initial interview.
1. Appearance and Behaviour
2. Thought Processes
3. Mood and affect
4. Intellectual functioning
5. Sensorium general knowledge about surroundings – the date, time, location
Behavioural Assessment Measuring, observing, and systematically evaluating
(rather than inferring) the client's thoughts, feelings, and
behaviour in the actual problem situation or context.
Projective Testing Psychoanalytically based measures that present ambiguous
stimuli to clients on the assumption that their responses will reveal
their unconscious conflicts. Such tests are very inferential and lack
high reliability and validity.
- Rorschach Inkblot
- Thematic Apperception Test
Personality Inventories Self-report questionnaires that assess personal traits by
asking respondents to identify descriptions that apply to
- Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
o Lie Scale (L)
o Infrequency Scale (F)
o Defensiveness Scale (K)
o Cannot-Say Scale (?)