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Abnormal Psych Ch 17

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PSYC 3140
Joel Goldberg

Ch 17 substance related disordersSubstance any natural or synthesized product that has psychoactive effectschanges perceptions thoughts behaviors and emotions Studies have shown that some drugs alcohol or nicotine have similar rates bw canada and USA however some drugs like cocaine USA higher rate or LSD Canada higher rates have rates different in the two countriesMen are more likely to use illicit drugs but when women do use they are just as likely as men to become dependent on the drug and can suffer more physiological problemsIllegal drug use peaked in the 1970s and has declined since however alcohol use remained stable and ecstasy use has risen 171 society and substance useSocieties differ with their attitudes on different drugs based on their laws and approach to treatmentIn the mid twenties of Zurich they had a needle park where addicts could come to the park and get high legally physicians were on site distributing clean needlesthis eventually stopped Substancerelated disorders are when substances are not used medically or religiously and change the mood of an individual while making others in society nervous person begins to build their life around the substance and can endanger both others and their own life 172 definitions of substancerelated disordersThere are 4 substance related conditions substance intoxication withdrawal abuse and dependence Other substancerelated disorder other substances beside for the ones in the 5 categories below that can either have psychoactive effects or for some will not ie Muscle relaxants antidepressants or nerve gas Substance IntoxicationSet of behavioral and psychological changes that occurs as a result of the physiological effect of a substance on the CNS Their sleep pattern changes they cant control their body movement cant think straight interpersonal interaction changes ppl begin being intoxicated soon after digesting a substance but declines when blood substance levels drop symptoms can last long past when the substance is detectable in the body Symptoms of intoxication depend on what type how long its been ingested how much was taken and the persons tolerance Substance withdrawal People use for prolonged periods and then stop or reduce their useDiagnosis of withdrawal is only made if it creates distress or impairment in their persons everyday functioning ie Caffeine wdrawl do not create get distress Motor problems maybe noticeable for many weeks or months after someone stops using Substance abuse Persons recurrent use of a substance results in harmful consequences Person must fail to fulfill important obligations work school or home person uses even when its hazardous while driving person continually has legal problems arrested for drunk driving individual continues to use even after having social or legal problems To diagnosis w substance abuse person must have repeatedly had problems in ONE category for at least 12 monthsSubstance dependence More advance condition than abuseClosest thing to having a drug addiction person either shows tolerance or withdrawal from the drug when they are dependent tolerance can lead to a high blood concentration of a
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