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Chapter 4

Chapter 4 (Health-Enhancing Behaviours) (Can Edi)

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PSYC 3170
Gerry Goldberg

Chapter 4 HealthEnhancing BehaviorsHow does exercise enhance health y Aerobic exercise is sustained exercise that stimulates and strengthens the heart and lungs improving utilization of oxygen There is also jogging biking rope jumping running and swimming sprinting and lifting weights Benefits of Exercise y Regular exercise can decrease that risk f chronic disease including heart disease and some cancers including breasty Aerobic exercise is tied to increase cardiovascular fitness and endurance it is the most important health habit for the elderly and benefits have been found in preschoolersy The effects of exercise translate directly into increased longitivity higher levels of physical fitness in both men and women delay death particularly those pertaining to cardiovascular disease How much Exercise y Typical exercise prescription for a normal adult is to accumulate 60 minutes of physical exercise every day to stay healthy and 30 minutes of moderate intensity activity four days a week Exercise vs Stress y Exercise produces the release of adrenalin and other hormone and has a beneficial effect on heart functioning y Whereas stress which also produces these changes has an adverse effect which is associated with lessoning in the heart tissue Effects on Psychological Health y Aerobic exercise on psychological states such as mood anxiety depression and tension and have found a beneficial role of exercise on both mental and physical health y Regular exercise improves mood and feelings of well being immediately after a workout y Improved sense of selfefficacy can also underlie some of the mood effects on exercise because of itsand for beneficial effects on mood and self esteem exercise has been used as a treatment for depressionsymptoms of menopause Exercise and stress management y Exercise may be an effective way of managing stress y Adolescents who exercise were better able to cope with stress and avoid illness than those who did not y Exercise may also have a beneficial effect on cognitive processes by focusing attention and concentrationDeterminants of regular exercise y Adults cite lack of time and other stressors on their lives as factors that undermine their good intentions Individual Characteristics y The people who are most likely to exercise are those who come from families that exercise people who perceive themselves as athletic or as the type to exercise and those with positive attitude towards healthy activity y At early age boys get more exercise than girls social support predicts exercise among people who participate in group exercise y Social support predicts exercise among people who participate in group exercise programs
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