Anushree Joshi DAY 3 TUTORIAL – September 28 th
Task: Read and summarize pages 16-36 of Foundations (2005, 2 edition) by Shea and Whitla.
Lectures require critical listening and note-taking skills, which students can achieve by actively
participating in lectures and seminars.
Lectures can be divided into three main components: an introduction, body and conclusion. The
introduction often contains a summary of ideas or themes to be covered in the lecture, as well as
connections with previous lectures that show developing patterns and suggest overall course themes.
The body of the lecture generally serves to display course material divided into sections and subsections
relating to the theme, define and explain key concepts, and make a series of points and giving examples
to illustrate the thesis set out at the beginning of the lecture. The conclusion draws the lecture to a
close, where the lecturer may choose to recap important “take-home” topics covered in the lecture and
assign readings or give information about the next lecture.
Lecturers use four methods to stress key concepts in lectures: repetition (repeating key ideas),
emphasis (drawing extra attention to key ideas), transitions (indicating relationships between key ideas)
and elaboration (using examples and support to back up and reiterate key ideas).
Being an active listener is a tough skill to learn, but it can be achieved through a series of interim
processes and steps that help lead to overall better academic understanding of presented materials. In
order to make the most of lectures, one should come prepared with readings completed and all the
materials required (i.e. notebook, textbook). During the lecture, one should try to balance his attention
between the lecturer and any visual presentation aids (slideshows, videos, etc.), take note of key terms,
concepts and definitions, as well as examples, illustrations and page references. Moreover, effective
note-taking should be systematic in its approach; that is, one’s notes should cover all the key topics in a
comprehensive manner that is easy to come back to and understand.
Although the structure of lectures is very different from learning styles more conventionally
presented in earlier years, using proven and effective note-taking methods can help a student
understand the material in a way that is easy for him. There are a few note-taking methods that
students can use, including: the indent-outline method, in which the left-hand side of the page lists
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