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PL 091 Reading 1.docx

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Boston College
PHIL 1091
Andrea S Staiti

READING NOTESIMachiavelli IntroductionIILetter to Francesco VettoriATo the Pope and Machiavellis benefactor Francesco Vettori in RomeBThanking him for his service by telling him about his lifeCDante There is no point in studying unless you remember what you have learnedDDiscusses what a principality is how many types there are how one acquires them how one hold onto them why one loses themEAddressing Lorenzo de MediciThe PrinceGive valuable things to rulers to get on the good sideHorsesArmorCloth of goldPrecious stonesOffer up understanding of the deeds of great menAcquire though a lengthy experience of contemporary politicsStudy of classicsChapter 1 How many types of principalities are there And how are they acquiredIAll statesgovernments with authority over men are republics or principalitiesIIPrincipalities are either hereditary or entirely new or added onto the hereditary stateIIIAcquried by a ruler are used to being ruled by one man or accustomed to being freeIVAcquired with soldiers belonging to others or with ones own through fortune or strengthChapter 2 On hereditary principalitiesIMuch easier to hold onto hereditary statesAAccustomed to being governed by the family that now rules themBJust preserve structuresCHereditary ruler will never lost his state unless something extraordinary and overwhelming happensDOriginal ruler will get back to powerIIRuler who inherits has less reason to give offense because everything is stable in a hereditary governmentChapter 3 On mixed principalitiesINew principalities cause problemsAIf not whole is new but rather a part has been added mixed iInstabilitiy derives first from natural difficulty found in all new principalitiesBPeople willingly change rulers believing that change might be betterCTake arms against him realize mistakeIIIn order to overpower someone you have to offend themAImpose troopsBInjuryCCreate enemiesIIIRuler that has regained power in rebel territories is much more likely to hang on to itARebellion gives him an excuseBAble to take firmer measures to secure his position
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