nutrition chapter 9 notes.docx

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Syracuse University
Nutrition Science & Dietetics
NSD 225

Adipocyte: cell that stores fat Adjustable Gastric Banding: limits amount of food that can be consumed Amenorrhea: delayed onset of menstruation or the absence of three or more consecutive menstrual cycles Anorexia Nervosa: eating disorder characterized by self-starvation, a distorted body image, and abnormally low body weight Appetite: desire to consume specific foods that is independent of hunger Basal Metabolism: energy expended to maintain an awake, resting body that is not digesting food Basal Metabolic Rate: rate of energy expenditure under resting conditions. Measured after 12 hours without food or exercise Behavior Modification: process that is used to gradually and permanently change habitual behaviors Binge-Eating Disorder: eaintg disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating in the absence of purgin behavior Body Image: the way a person perceives and imagines his or her body Body Mass Index: measure of body weight relative to height that is used to compare body size with a standard Body Composition: relative proportions of fat and lean tissue that make up the body , affects the risks associated with excess body weight Bulimia Nervosa: eating disorder characterized by the consumption of a large amount of food at one time followed by purging behaviors such as self-induced vomiting to prevent weight gain Diet-Induced Thermogenesis: energy required for the digestion of food and absorption, metabolism, and storage of nutrients Eating Disorder: psychological illness characterized by specific abnormal eating behaviors, often intended to control weight Energy Balance: amount of energy consumed in the diet compared with the amount expended by the body over a give
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