PSY BEH 104S Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Voir Dire, Deterrence Theory, Procedural JusticeExam
DepartmentPsychology and Social Behavior
Course CodePSY BEH 104S
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Test your Chapter 16 comprehension by circling the best answer to these multiple choice questions:
1. Research on deterrence theory suggests that:
A. Deterrence has the greatest effect as the severity of punishment increases, certainty of being caught
doesn’t seem to matter as much
B. The death penalty can be an effective deterrent for reducing serious crimes
C. Deterrence has the greatest effect as the certainty of being caught increases, the severity of the
punishment doesn’t seem to matter as much
D. The concept of deterrence has no effect on criminal behavior
2. Own race bias in eyewitness testimony refers to the fact that:
A. We tend to recognize faces from our own race better than those of other races
B. People tend to pick members of their own race in lineups
C. We are more likely to assume guilt in members of our own race
D. We tend to ignore members of our own race during crimes because we assume they’re innocent
3. What we attend to during a crime can affect what we remember as eyewitnesses. This statement
demonstrates how the _____ stage of memory can influence eyewitness testimony.
D. All of the above
4. When our memory is altered because of information we receive after the event, this demonstrates the _____
nature of memory.
B. Source monitoring
D. None of the above
5. Which of the following suggestions has been made to improve the results of police lineups?
A. Include people in the lineup who do not resemble the suspect
B. Tell the witness that the suspect may or may not be in the lineup
C. Ask the witness how confident they are only after they know they have identified the suspect
D. Ensure that the person running the lineup knows who the suspect is
6. The pretrial examination of prospective jurors by the judge or opposing lawyers is called:
C. Examination before trial
D. Voir dire
7. Under which of the following circumstances is an eyewitness most likely to make a correct identification?
A. Upon being presented with a lineup that includes a suspect who matches the witness’s description
and four foils who do not bear any resemblance to the suspect at all
B. Upon being told that the suspected culprit is one of the people in the lineup
C. Upon seeing a sequential lineup instead of a simultaneous lineup
D. Upon seeing mugshots, before the lineup, that include the suspect but not the foils
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