ANTH 130 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Linguistic Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Ethnography

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5 Feb 2017
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Sunday, February 5, 2017
Kottak Ch 1
-Anthropology- study of the human species and its immediate ancestors
comparative science that examines all societies, ancient and modern, simple and
complex
exploration of human diversity in time and space
-Ethnography- first hand, personal study of local settings
-Holistic- study of the whole of the human condition
-Society- organized life groups
-Cultures- traditions and customs, transmitted though learning, that form and guide the
beliefs and behavior of the people exposed to them
-Adaption- process by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses
-Food production- cultivation of plants and domestication of animals
-General anthropology
sociocultural (cultural)- study changes in social life/custom
archaeological- study societies to figure out past life
biological- study physical changes
linguistic- reconstruct ancient languages
-Biocultural- inclusion and combination of both biological and cultural perspectives and
approaches to comment on or solve a particular issue or problem
-Cultural anthropology- study of human society and culture
ethnography- provides account of particular community, society, or culture
ethnology- examines, interprets, analyzes, and compares results of ethnography
-Archaeological anthropology- reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior
and cultural patterns through material remains
paleoecology- ecosystems of the past
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