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All Educational Materials for COGS 2160 at York University (YORKU)

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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 48 pages long!)

48 Page
12 Oct 2017
Nasa sent pioneer 10 space probe they also placed on board a metal plate engraved with picture + signs, of hydrogen atom, a woman and a man. Idea behin
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 67 pages long!)

67 Page
28 Mar 2018
Core principles of cognitive science: the mind can be studied scientifically, there is a specific way to study the mind. In science, we construct theor
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ray Jackendoff, Noun Phrase, Universal Grammar

6 Page
23 Sep 2017
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Inductive Reasoning, Causal Inference, Concept Learning

4 Page
19 Feb 2018
Therefore, socrates is mortal: conclusion is "contained in" the premises, true premises guarantee a true conclusion, norms of deductive reasoning are c
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Turing Machine, Computable Function, Behaviorism

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
An early inspiration for cognitive science: the computer. Some important terms: a function is a mapping that yields exactly one output (value) for ever
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Chinese Room, Turing Test, Intentionality

3 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 9: classical architectures iii intentionality & the chinese room. Searle believes that there is more to understanding chinese than simply manip
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Turing Machine, Connectionism, Default Rule

7 Page
19 Feb 2018
Physical symbol systems: physical symbol systems, discrete representations throughout, each stroke in a turing machine is a distinct representation, 0
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Artificial Neural Network, Hebbian Theory, Unsupervised Learning

7 Page
19 Feb 2018
Neurons that are out of synch fail to link. : si(cid:373)ple for(cid:373)al e(cid:454)pressio(cid:374): (cid:449)12 = (cid:632) (cid:454) a1 x a2 a1 =
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Occipital Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Frontal Lobe

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 6: milestones v two visual pathways. The cerebrum: the cerebrum is the largest part of the brain, the cerebral cortex is the outermost layer of
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Modus Tollens, Modus Ponens, Language Of Thought Hypothesis

OC23823784 Page
18 Feb 2018
0
Lecture 8: classical architectures ii the language of thought & the frame problem. January 30, 2018: core idea of cognitive science: mental processes a
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 6.1-6.2 (pp.145-165) : Cognitive Science, Intentionality, Turing Test

4 Page
13 Apr 2017
Searle: no machine can be capable of intelligent behaviour (according to pss) the syntactic manipulation of the symbols preserves their semantic proper
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 6.3 (pp.165-173): Formal Language, Problem Solving, Jerry Fodor

8 Page
13 Apr 2017
Physical symbol system hypothesis: newell and simon made a manifesto that intended to apply to the study of the human mind and the emerging field of ar
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 48 pages long!)

48 Page
12 Oct 2017
Nasa sent pioneer 10 space probe they also placed on board a metal plate engraved with picture + signs, of hydrogen atom, a woman and a man. Idea behin
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 67 pages long!)

67 Page
28 Mar 2018
Core principles of cognitive science: the mind can be studied scientifically, there is a specific way to study the mind. In science, we construct theor
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ray Jackendoff, Noun Phrase, Universal Grammar

6 Page
23 Sep 2017
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Frequently-seen exam questions from 2014 - 2018.
YORKFall

NATS 1940 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Green Darner, Eye Color, Mount Everest

3 Page
9 Feb
Abdomen is blue or blueish go to 2. Abdomen is not blue but instead is red, black, brown or white go to 3. Wings are brown towards the inside and are
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Ceteris Paribus, Aggregate Demand, Aggregate Supply

37 Page
9 Feb
Chapter 28 canadian inflation, unemployment, and business cycle. Topic: inflation cycles: demand-pull inflation occurs when, aggregate demand increases
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business, Pearson Education, Technological Change

31 Page
9 Feb
Aacsb: reflective thinking: in 2010, northland had real gdp of . 21 billion and a population of 2. 98 million. What was northland"s economic growth rat
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YORKFall

NATS 1940 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Monarch Butterfly, Herbicide

3 Page
9 Feb
Observed monarch butterfly behaviour has significant implications for species survival. Habitat loss is one of the worlds leading causes of species dec
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Disposable And Discretionary Income, Pearson Education, Chapter 27

51 Page
9 Feb
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Aggregate Supply, Pearson Education, Aggregate Demand

40 Page
9 Feb
Which graph illustrates what happens when factor prices decrease: (a, (b, (c, (d, (a) and (b) Parkin/bade, economics: canada in the global environment,
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YORKFall

NATS 1940 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Mendelian Inheritance, Numeracy, Population Genetics

4 Page
9 Feb
Biodiversity and conservation biology assignment #1. In this assignment, you will be doing two types of questions, most of which involve numbers. Many
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Core Inflation, Pearson Education, Canada Act 1982

29 Page
9 Feb
Topic: monetary policy objective and framework: how is responsibility for monetary policy set forth in canada, the canadian government administers mone
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Foreign Exchange Market, The Foreign Exchange, Currency Appreciation And Depreciation

34 Page
9 Feb
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YORKWinter

ECON 1010 Study Guide - Final Guide: Association To Advance Collegiate Schools Of Business, Pearson Education, Financial Institution

54 Page
9 Feb
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Note-Taking, Mobile Phone, Dependent And Independent Variables

3 Page
18 Feb 2018
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Mental Representation, Mind, Intentionality

2 Page
3 Mar 2017
Lecture #13 mental representation & symbolic systems (1) Behavior (cid:272)a(cid:374)"t just (cid:271)e explai(cid:374)ed i(cid:374) ter(cid:373)s of s
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Chinese Room, Turing Test, Intentionality

3 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 9: classical architectures iii intentionality & the chinese room. Searle believes that there is more to understanding chinese than simply manip
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Computer Simulation, Hermann Von Helmholtz, Multimodal Distribution

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Propositional format: discrete, digital symbols, e. g. dogs chase cats = 3 symbols; each part can be introduced into different sentences, words maintai
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Frontal Lobe, Visual Acuity, Solidity

6 Page
1 Mar 2018
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Reinforcement Learning, Behaviorism

3 Page
29 Jan 2017
Bermudez lists four historical landmarks in science of cognition. Idea of algorithmic computation (logic: formal analysis of la(cid:374)guage (cid:894)
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Turing Machine, Computable Function, Behaviorism

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
An early inspiration for cognitive science: the computer. Some important terms: a function is a mapping that yields exactly one output (value) for ever
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Noam Chomsky, Language Acquisition Device, Lookup Table

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Fact #2: speech & comprehension are productive: we can produce and understand infinitely many sentences, there is no limit to the length of sentences.
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Occipital Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Frontal Lobe

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 6: milestones v two visual pathways. The cerebrum: the cerebrum is the largest part of the brain, the cerebral cortex is the outermost layer of
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Universal Turing Machine, Halting Problem, Alonzo Church

4 Page
11 Feb 2017
Computation is what computers do and, according to many cognitive scientists, it is what minds do. What turing gave us was a theoretical model that man
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter Crane, “Puzzle of Representation,” pp.8-26 : If And Only If, Pioneer 10, Mental Representation

4 Page
13 Apr 2017
Nasa sent pioneer 10 space probe they also placed on board a metal plate engraved with picture + signs, of hydrogen atom, a woman and a man. Idea behin
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 6.3 (pp.165-173): Formal Language, Problem Solving, Jerry Fodor

8 Page
13 Apr 2017
Physical symbol system hypothesis: newell and simon made a manifesto that intended to apply to the study of the human mind and the emerging field of ar
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 6.1-6.2 (pp.145-165) : Cognitive Science, Intentionality, Turing Test

4 Page
13 Apr 2017
Searle: no machine can be capable of intelligent behaviour (according to pss) the syntactic manipulation of the symbols preserves their semantic proper
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4.4:Modularity : Leda Cosmides, John Tooby, Modus Tollens

2 Page
10 Apr 2017
If a then b, if not b then not a = rule is called modus tollens: if that is the cathedral (a, then, the library must be over there (b) So that (cid:272
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter Brain Structure & Function: 3.1-3.2 (pp.59-71) : Neuroimaging, Horseradish Peroxidase, White Matter

16 Page
13 Apr 2017
Many cognitive scientist view cognitive science as functional system that they should be studied independently, primarily in terms of their functions (
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10.3: Modularity : Parsing, Tit For Tat, Natural Selection 2

6 Page
10 Apr 2017
Jerry fodor"s = modules is domain specific, informationally encapsulated, mandatory and fast may have a fixed neural architecture and specific patterns
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 4.5 (pp.108-113): Pulse Oximetry, Brain Structure And Function, Visual Cortex

3 Page
13 Apr 2017
Local integration ii: neural activity and the bold signal. Functional neuroimaging allows us to study the workings of the brain at the level of neural
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Chapter Notes - Chapter CS 11.5 (pp.352-358): Local Field Potential, Three Steps, Cerebral Cortex

3 Page
13 Apr 2017
Fmri measures the bold signal, while pet measures cerebral blood flow. The issue with neuroimaging is that little is known about the connections betwee
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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 48 pages long!)

48 Page
12 Oct 2017
Nasa sent pioneer 10 space probe they also placed on board a metal plate engraved with picture + signs, of hydrogen atom, a woman and a man. Idea behin
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 67 pages long!)

67 Page
28 Mar 2018
Core principles of cognitive science: the mind can be studied scientifically, there is a specific way to study the mind. In science, we construct theor
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Note-Taking, Mobile Phone, Dependent And Independent Variables

3 Page
18 Feb 2018
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Mental Representation, Mind, Intentionality

2 Page
3 Mar 2017
Lecture #13 mental representation & symbolic systems (1) Behavior (cid:272)a(cid:374)"t just (cid:271)e explai(cid:374)ed i(cid:374) ter(cid:373)s of s
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Chinese Room, Turing Test, Intentionality

3 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 9: classical architectures iii intentionality & the chinese room. Searle believes that there is more to understanding chinese than simply manip
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Computer Simulation, Hermann Von Helmholtz, Multimodal Distribution

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Propositional format: discrete, digital symbols, e. g. dogs chase cats = 3 symbols; each part can be introduced into different sentences, words maintai
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Ray Jackendoff, Noun Phrase, Universal Grammar

6 Page
23 Sep 2017
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Frontal Lobe, Visual Acuity, Solidity

6 Page
1 Mar 2018
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Operant Conditioning Chamber, Reinforcement Learning, Behaviorism

3 Page
29 Jan 2017
Bermudez lists four historical landmarks in science of cognition. Idea of algorithmic computation (logic: formal analysis of la(cid:374)guage (cid:894)
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Turing Machine, Computable Function, Behaviorism

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
An early inspiration for cognitive science: the computer. Some important terms: a function is a mapping that yields exactly one output (value) for ever
View Document

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YORKCOGS 2160Muhammad Ali KhalidiWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture 7: PHIL2160_MidtermNotes

5 Page
12 Feb 2019
Behavior can"t just be explained in terms of stimulus-response. Information processing: (roughly): the manipulation of mental representations according
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 67 pages long!)

67 Page
28 Mar 2018
Core principles of cognitive science: the mind can be studied scientifically, there is a specific way to study the mind. In science, we construct theor
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Frontal Lobe, Visual Acuity, Solidity

6 Page
1 Mar 2018
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Artificial Neural Network, Hebbian Theory, Unsupervised Learning

7 Page
19 Feb 2018
Neurons that are out of synch fail to link. : si(cid:373)ple for(cid:373)al e(cid:454)pressio(cid:374): (cid:449)12 = (cid:632) (cid:454) a1 x a2 a1 =
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Turing Machine, Connectionism, Default Rule

7 Page
19 Feb 2018
Physical symbol systems: physical symbol systems, discrete representations throughout, each stroke in a turing machine is a distinct representation, 0
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Inductive Reasoning, Causal Inference, Concept Learning

4 Page
19 Feb 2018
Therefore, socrates is mortal: conclusion is "contained in" the premises, true premises guarantee a true conclusion, norms of deductive reasoning are c
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Bird Flight, The Algorithm, Peripheral Vision

5 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 5: milestones iv marr"s theory of vision. January 18, 2018: marr"s book on vision is recognized as one of the most promising contributions to c
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Artificial Neuron, Connectionism, Parallel Computing

6 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 10: neural networks i basics & motivations. Stimulation from the environment stimulates the input units: the input units then stimulate the hid
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YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Occipital Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Frontal Lobe

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Lecture 6: milestones v two visual pathways. The cerebrum: the cerebrum is the largest part of the brain, the cerebral cortex is the outermost layer of
View Document
YORKCOGS 2160Jacob BeckWinter

COGS 2160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Computer Simulation, Hermann Von Helmholtz, Multimodal Distribution

4 Page
18 Feb 2018
Propositional format: discrete, digital symbols, e. g. dogs chase cats = 3 symbols; each part can be introduced into different sentences, words maintai
View Document

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