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Lecture 11

HLSC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Spring Break, Homicide, List Of Universities In Canada


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HLSC 1F90
Professor
Dr.Kelli-an Lawrance
Lecture
11

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HLSC 1F90
NOV 26TH 2015
LEC 11
Personal Safety: Intentional Injuries
VIOLENCE
Acts of violence result in:
oInjuries and deaths
oPoor mental health, conduct disorders, lack of social & emotional
responsiveness
oEconomic costs
Violence is caused by
oPoverty
oLack of housing, employment, education
oDiscrimination, cultural & social beliefs
oPoor parental role models
oHopelessness
Canada’s crime rate has steadily declined for 2 decades, and is now at lowest
level since 1973
Crime: fraud, extortion, vandalism, break and enter, violent crime
Violent crime: robbery, common assault, homicide, assault with weapon, sexual
assault
Homicides
o505 in 2013 (vs. 467 in 2012) [1.44 victims per 100,000 population
(lowest since 1966)]
Attempted murders
o642 in 2013 (vs. 665 in 2012)
Of all age/gender groups, young men 18-24 are most likely to be victims of
homicide and the perpetrators of homicide
Hate Crime in Canada: Stats Canada 2010 Report
Tracking of police-reported hate crimes began in 2006
Police-reported hate crimes refer to criminal incidents that, upon investigation by
police, are determined to have been motivated by hate towards an identifiable
group (based on race, ethnic origin, religion, sexual orientation, language, sex,
age, mental or physical disability, or other factors)
Police-reported data likely undercount hate crimes because many incidents (up to
2/3) are not necessarily reported to police
Police services reported 1041 hate crimes in 2010
Motivation for crime:
o52% race or ethnicity
o29% religion
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o16% sexual orientation
Type of crime:
o20% assault/utter threat
o56% mischief offences
Social Context of Physical Aggression
Graham et al. (2002) The social context of physical aggression among adults.
Journal of interpersonal violence, 17 64-83
1753 Ontario adults provided data about:
oPast-year involvement in an aggression incident
oWhere incident occurred
oWho was involved
oWhether respondent was victim or aggressor
10% of people had been involved in an incident in past year
Location of aggressive incident:
o30% bar
o21% public place (street, store, park, public building)
o16% social gathering at a home of family/friend
o12% home (everyday activities)
o11% workplace (coworkers vs. customers)
o3% obvious domestic violence
o6% other
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