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Stress Management.docx

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Brock University
Health Sciences
Brent Faught

th CHSC 1F90 September 25 2012 Stress Management Week #3 Inability to listen is one of the more common stress factors for university students Eustress = positive stress Distress = negative stress Stress diagram (Resistant to stress starts from Eustress → Distress - Some systems reacting to everyday stressors in a balanced and healthful manner is a response. - Fight or flight – Choosing to fight or run away from the stressor Energy Stores 1) Replenishing superficial stores: getting proper sleep, aerobic exercise, diet 2) Deep Stores: something you can’t handle (all genetics) - Deep stores are genetically predisposed. When we deplete our deep stores; we stop living Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) analyzes the relationship between the minds response to stress and the functioning of the immune system - During periods of prolonged stress elevated levels of adrenal hormones, including cortisol, destroy or reduce the ability of the white blood cells knows as “natural killer T cells” - Killer T cells aid in the immune response, and when they are suppressed the body is less effective at combatting illness The General Adaptation Syndrome: Hypothalamus: regulates your inner autonomic nervous system. - Stimulates internal responses - Stimulates pituitary Pituitary gland: sends response down to adrenal glands - Stimulates ACTH - ACTH: to secrete and release cortisol into the bloodstream Sympathetic and Parasympathetic nervous system = fight or flight response 1. Alarm phase  A stressor is perceived. Slight drop in homeostasis occurs as the mind and body temporarily lose balance 2. Resistance phase  Adaptation resources are mobilized to combat stressor. Endocrine system comes into play 3. Exhaustion phase  Adaptation energy stores are depleted. Replenish them, and the body will return to homeostatic state 1 th CHSC 1F90 September 25 2012 Alarm Phase Cerebral cortex triggers ANS which then triggers the SNS to signal the release of hormones for flight or fight which then triggers the hypothalamus to stimulate adrenal glands to release epinephrine. Hypothalamus also stimulates the pituitary gland which releases ACTH which signals adrenal glands to release cortisol (facilitates release of stored nutrients to meet energy demands). Other parts of the brain release endorphins, the body’s naturally occurring opiates, which relieve pain that may be caused by a stressor Psychosocial Stressors - Change - Pressure - Inconsistent goals and behaviors - Conflict - Overload - Burnout Stress and your health - Cardiovascular disease  i.e. increased heart rate and blood pressure  Lesion: the cut in a blood vessel ______ (plaque) _______ - P
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