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Lecture 1

LING 3P90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Language Disorder, Cerebral Palsy, Hearing Loss

Course Code
Lynn Dempsey

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LING 3P90: Lecture #1
Introduction: The nature of language Disorder
Language Disorder
ASHA (1993, p40) – an impairment or deviant development of comprehension and/or
use of a spoken, written, and/or other symbol system.
oTroubles with understanding and producing language
oBroad definition
phonology- sound of the
morphology- ie. Word endings
syntax – organization of the
children would have troubles
with the rules of language
semantics- meanings of words
relationship; ie. Two words are synonyms
children difficulty grasping new vocabulary
troubles concepts about the world
Pragmatics- using language appropriately in social interactions to
communicate with others
They know the rule of language, however they don’t use it appropriately in
social interactions
The circles overlaps
oIsolated disorders
oOften you can see the disorder in more than one area since they interact with each
Deficits in Content
Dashed line around content means incomplete development
Children who are slow acquiring their first word
Vocabulary grows slowly
As they get older, they speak grammatical correct, however they don’t mean that much
oIe. “cocktail speech”
May be quite social, strong pragmatics skills
May tend to ask a lot of questions because can’t generate much content itself
Pure content disorders
overy rare
osince the components of language overlap
oweak sematic knowledge, could also effect grammatical and other components
Deficits in Form
the rules of language

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content and use are developed
form is under developed
variety of types of problems
ophonological deficits; problems with the speech sound system
reduced utterance length; shorter sentences
telegraphic speech; using content words instead of function words, and
word endings
word order problems; reversing their words
auxiliary verb system; leaving out the “helper” words ie. He running vs he
is running
word endings; prefixes and suffixes
ie. I see two apple vs I see two apples
Deficits in Pragmatics
intact form and content
deficits in use
difficulty putting those skills into use
talk about something inappropriate to the content
ramble repetitive
not good at tuning into the listener
poor conversational ability
otroubles turn taking
osuddenly changing the conversation
owalking away during the conversation
ofailing to get their attention
poor non verbal social skills
opoor eye contact
ostanding to close to the partner
Deficits in interaction among the components
mainly problems with the interactions within the components
each component has developed okay
they didn’t interact completely as the child was acquiring language
little meaningful speech
stereotypic speech; ie repeating words/phrases that other has use
Deficits of interaction among the components
weak development of each components
what they say is unrelated to the content, not a lot of function
randomly recite what other has said
Who is at risk?
Those with:
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