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Conflicts and Problems with Out of Africa.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1131
Professor
D.Sandgathe
Semester
Summer

Description
Conflicts and Problems with Out of Africa Problems with the “Out of Africa” Hypothesis  Computing mtDNA mutation rates  By looking at how many new mutations occurred from Europe to North America, we can find mtDNA mutation rates  2-4% of our mtDNA changes per million years  Based on mtDNA, there are problems with computing the coalescence point  Observed mutation rates:  Based on direct observation of modern human genetics, the rate of mtDNA change (random mutations) are 24x higher than those estimated based on fossil studies  At this rate, all AMH mtDNA coalesces at 6,500 bp!  Construction mtDNA genetic trees? A Third Potential Explanation:  “Weak Garden of Eden” hypothesis believes that:  Mix
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