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MUAR 211 Lecture Notes - Pump Organ, Cor Anglais, Sinfonia

Music-Arts Faculty
Course Code
MUAR 211
Jerry M.Cain

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MUAR 211 The Art of Listening Jerry Cain Winter 2013
March 12th, 2013
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
o known for being a conductor
o conductor with prolific career in Vienna & spent season at New York Metropolitan Opera
o considered Austrian composer but born & raised in Czech Republic
o famous for maximalist symphony orchestras used by many late Romantic composers
o had large, non-traditional orchestration
o never composed an opera
o considered an outsider
o made fun of for the way that he conducted he was very animated
performance practice was one of the most important parts of modernism
attach maximalism to him he takes something and expands it
his orchestra was fairly large with a chorus in the back
o expands with more numbers of each instrument + introduced new instruments
o keyboard instruments introduced
o many percussion instruments
o xylophone, glockenspiel & pitched percussion are introduced
non-traditional scoring:
o woodwinds 4 flutes, 3 clarinets, 3 bassoons
o brass 6 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba
o percussion timpani, bass drum, snare drum, cymbals, triangle, tam-tam, whip,
o strings harp, violins I & II, violas, violoncellos, double basses
funeral marches are slow and depressing in nature
Mahler’s Symphony of a Thousand
o vocal forces 2 SATB choirs, children’s choir, 8 soloists (3 soprano, 2 alto, tenor, baritone
& bass)
o woodwinds 2 piccolos, 4 flutes, 4 oboes, cor Anglais, 3 B flat clarinets, 2 E flat clarinets,
B flat bass clarinet, 4 bassoons, contrabassoon
o brass 8 horns, 4 trumpets, 4 trombones, tuba, separately placed ensemble of 4 trumpets
& 3 trombones
o percussion timpani, cymbals, bass drum, tamtam, triangle, bells, glockenspiel, organ,
harmonium, piano, 2 harps, celesta, mandolin
o strings harp, violins I & II, violas, violoncellos, double basses
traits of Mahler’s symphonies (as a genre) unprecedented in terms of lengths (maximal, over 60
minutes); most contain 5 or 6 movements ; can be very imbalanced
song cycle: music set for a vocal soloist plus either piano or orchestral accompaniment
orchestral art song/orchestral lied/orchestral song cycle: a song cycle that uses a orchestral
musical irony: moments in a piece where one emotion runs into another, depicting a kind of
realism of experience
other words for symphony is sinfonia and an overture a lot of people missed this on the quiz
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