PSYC 332 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Ancient Greek Philosophy, Heritability, Positive Psychology

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20 Jul 2016
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Measurement of Hedonic Well-Being: 18:53
Readings- two books are the most important, but narcissism will have twice
as many questions- 15 out of 100 about the book and 7 from quiet.
-The best thing to do is go through the notes and second would be knowing
the narcissism and then quiet and 5 articles from first and second half- at
most 2 questions from any article- some of them are on lectures.
-David winter article- described in lecture- read the abstract and first page
and conclusion.
-The article by Marcia.- 2 questions from it.
-1 question from winter and weinsten.
-first article by mcadams is an important one.
-article by mcadams on life narrative also.
-article by Weinstein about integration- only 1 question related to that.
-Fieldhouse=Exam.
Well-being- Many of the personality variables ive described have
relationships to well-being.
-Review things we discussed previously and make a distinction between two
diff. kinds of well-being- most of us think of hedonic, which is happiness
well-being.
Survey of several thousand american adults- 99% said they stop and ask if
they are happy in their lives, happy with what I am doing- most natural
thing to ask ourselves is about hedonic well-being.
Another way of thinking about well-being, not about happiness- about living
a meaningful, purposeful life and being true to yourself.
they usually work together but sometimes in diff. ways, and various
personality constructs relate to happiness or hedonic well-being and the
other kind of well-being.
Q.:
-What is well-being.
-What personality factors are associated with individual diff. in level of well-
being.
There are stable individual diff. in well-being, some of us are very high on
happiness and some of us quite low, most of us are in the middle.
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Evidence that this is genetically determined, not that changeable.
Two Types of Well-Being:
-Hedonic: happiness, subjective well-being- classic way.- think of all the
positive things happening in our life and the negative and compare the two,
to the extent that the positive outway the negative, we say things are going
well, I am happy.- has to do with the balance of positive vs negative in
terms of emotions and events.
-Subjective well-being.
-Eudaimonic- goes back to greek philosophy, daimon means spirit or soul-
idea is that we are living in accord with our inner nature/demon/spirit- about
living a life that is true to yourself- psychological well-being. About being
authentic and open to growing, and to becoming more mature.
Not a focus on being happy all the time, it is more understanding yourself
and experiencing whatever life is offering you.
Psychological well-being.
Children’s mental health talk- given by Koestner- he was a second key note
speaker, the primary one was speaking on Thursday and I was not sure
whether to go watch it- typically you do not watch the people performing
before you because you psyc yourself out.
the key note speaker- neil pasricha- a popular writer.- I went to go see him
speak on Thursday- he just wrote a book, the happiness equation.
About how to find happiness in your life.
He gave an amazing talk, high-energy, very improvisational.
He has a ted-talk he gave 5 years ago.
He wrote the awesome books and he has a blog.
Very compelling fellow, very good at taking psychology studies, positive
ones, and repackaging them and intro. people to them.
-Neil Pasricha’s Talk:
Talks about his life experience and tells his story, talks about happiness.
It ties in with the distinction I want to make between focusing on being
happy and avoiding unhappiness versus focusing on being yourself and
experiencing whatever life offers.
My first reaction is this is great, so I changed the title of my talk to the
motivation equation.
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Very compelling story, a compelling person because he talks about what all
of us have already experienced and experience more, life can be really good
and really bad things can happen.
-Tells a redemption story about how he recovers-McAdams says for NA,
these kinds of stories are associated with very high well-being- very useful
stories to be able to tell.
When I saw this, always something that is suspicious when someone says,
here is the key to motivation or here is the key to happiness, I always think
they sell something that cannot be so easy as they seem to be saying.
His wife left him, told him I do not love you anymore, his best friend killed
himself, those are both terrible things that wounded him.
He decided he was ganna find some positives and started working on this
blog, very funny and observant person.
Look for little things that give you pleasure- ex. driving down sherbrooke
and the green lights are synchronized.
Koestner- not getting a parking ticket.
Started focusing on small things, and trying to milk them for the positive
feelings and to also write about them and post them and this really
connected with people.
Good for all of us to focus on small/positive things, but right away I am
afraid that he really experienced some hurtful things, the tendency when
you experience loss or hurt is to try to cover it over and move on.
-Studies suggest if you cover over and move on, you are better able to keep
happiness at a reasonable level but you may be sacrificing your personal
growth and maturity, you are not really experiencing what happened.
Seems integrated and in-touch person, so Koestner- he did not just cover it
over, the blog was a coping strategy but he was still dealing with it.
Story of the wife was very incomplete.
A lot more depth in a relationship like that that he did not share, the way he
tells the story is like there was some rough spots and I dealed with it but
most likely something was going on for him too.
This story, it taps into how we know when we are having good times, we see
good things in the moment but we know there will be lots of other things
too, our tendency is to want to stay happy.
That is probably healthy and adaptive but another way of thinking about
well-being, that has more to do with experiencing our emotions fully, our
loss fully, and greaf and sadness and processing that- I think it is a hard
thing to do.
Measurement of hedonic well-being:
-the kind of well-being studied by social psychologists or personality
psychologists is primarily hedonic well-being.
-SWB or happiness: life satisfaction, high positive affect, low negative affect.
-Others agreement.
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