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Lecture 4

GEOG 2UI3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Craft Production, Water Pollution, Feudalism


Department
Geography
Course Code
GEOG 2UI3
Professor
Robert Wilton
Lecture
4

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GEOG 2UI3 – Lecture 4 – Urban Origins
Process of Urbanization
- Applying the conceptual model
Mesopotamia
Medieval Europe
- The build up to industrialization
The Process of Urbanization: Mesopotamia
- 5000-2500 BC: First Urbanization
Development of independent city-states
Interconnected network of urban settlements
- What process/factors contributed to urbanization?
Agricultural surplus – production of food, people have time engage in other practices
Hydrological factors – irrigation (definition)
Population pressures – increase of population b/c of agricultural surplus
Trade – economic activity lends itself to the creation of markets b/c of regional
opportunities
Defense
Religious Causes – religious elite
- What did Mesopotamian cities look like?
Independent city-states
Part of a network engaged in local and long-distance trade
Typically built on a raised mound or tell
‘Inner city’ walled for defensive purposes
Erbil, Iraq
But “A city had several built-up parts, a walled inner city, suburbs, a harbor district, as
well as fields and orchards adjoining these areas”
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