Class Notes (836,374)
Canada (509,758)
Geography (946)
GEOG 3RW3 (37)
Lecture 26

GEOG 3RW3 Lecture 26: Geography 3RW3 - Lecture 26 - India: Part 2

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Segei Basik

Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 1 Lecture 26 – Wednesday March 11 India: Part 2 News • Test o Everything can be found on avenue (test outline, list of countries/cities/states) o Modified map for the test – map and questions on same page this time o Clarification for each question (example: #1 city, #2 province – so you know what he is looking for in the answer) o Don’t worry about spelling for the map – different spellings/possibilities for each word are accepted as long as they are close enough to the original word o Fill in the blank is 20 questions (based on 6 lectures) o Pool of 40 answers to choose from – 20 are correct • Exam o Will be posted on avenue next week – general information o Structure, main components o Only two segments again o He will explain in detail in the final lecture • Assignment o Submission will probably be online instead of hard copy 1. Demographic Challenges • Image o High rise in Mumbai compared to the slums in the same city o Different economic figures of the country o Absolutely different geographical characteristics – everything • Currently one out of every six persons in the world lives in India (population more than 1.2 million – # 2 in the world) • The pace of decline in fertility has quickened in the country in recent years • Current fertility rate (average) – between 2.5 and 2.6 • India will achieve total fertility rate of 2.1 around 2025 (faster than projected by the UNPD) • The decline in fertility was achieved primarily through contraceptive use almost solely through female sterilization • Level of development is an important characteristic • Economy, the role of women, specific government policies • Another demographic pattern – huge heterogeneity across regions (TFR varied from as low as 1.7 in Andhra Pradesh and Goa to 4.0 in Bihar) • The demographic transition model includes five phases: o 1) Death and birth rate high, a little increase in population o 2) Death rate drop, birth rate high, population numbers increase, young population o 3) Birth rate drop, death rate low, population number increase, but slower than in phase two Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 2 o 4) Rates are low, growth less than 1% a year o 5) Equal rate, death rate sometimes exceeding birth rate, population in slow decline, aging of population • India is now entering the final stages of demographic transition, with the country nearing replacement-level fertility • More males than females (1.08 males per female) • Mother mean age at first birth 19.9 (2006) • Demographic window of opportunity/demographic dividend – if you have a young population you should allocate resources to them – important for the future development of the economy • Bangladesh for example has many young people • This is a very important period for this country – they should invest in this young population (unfortunately, we often have this problem but no changes are made) • The rapid fall in birth rates in the past few decades resulted in adding fewer children to the population and a relatively rapid growth of the working age group population • Demographic changes taking place acros
More Less

Related notes for GEOG 3RW3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.