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Lecture 26

GEOG 3RW3 Lecture 26: Geography 3RW3 - Lecture 26 - India: Part 2
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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 3RW3
Professor
Segei Basik
Semester
Winter

Description
Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 1 Lecture 26 – Wednesday March 11 India: Part 2 News • Test o Everything can be found on avenue (test outline, list of countries/cities/states) o Modified map for the test – map and questions on same page this time o Clarification for each question (example: #1 city, #2 province – so you know what he is looking for in the answer) o Don’t worry about spelling for the map – different spellings/possibilities for each word are accepted as long as they are close enough to the original word o Fill in the blank is 20 questions (based on 6 lectures) o Pool of 40 answers to choose from – 20 are correct • Exam o Will be posted on avenue next week – general information o Structure, main components o Only two segments again o He will explain in detail in the final lecture • Assignment o Submission will probably be online instead of hard copy 1. Demographic Challenges • Image o High rise in Mumbai compared to the slums in the same city o Different economic figures of the country o Absolutely different geographical characteristics – everything • Currently one out of every six persons in the world lives in India (population more than 1.2 million – # 2 in the world) • The pace of decline in fertility has quickened in the country in recent years • Current fertility rate (average) – between 2.5 and 2.6 • India will achieve total fertility rate of 2.1 around 2025 (faster than projected by the UNPD) • The decline in fertility was achieved primarily through contraceptive use almost solely through female sterilization • Level of development is an important characteristic • Economy, the role of women, specific government policies • Another demographic pattern – huge heterogeneity across regions (TFR varied from as low as 1.7 in Andhra Pradesh and Goa to 4.0 in Bihar) • The demographic transition model includes five phases: o 1) Death and birth rate high, a little increase in population o 2) Death rate drop, birth rate high, population numbers increase, young population o 3) Birth rate drop, death rate low, population number increase, but slower than in phase two Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 2 o 4) Rates are low, growth less than 1% a year o 5) Equal rate, death rate sometimes exceeding birth rate, population in slow decline, aging of population • India is now entering the final stages of demographic transition, with the country nearing replacement-level fertility • More males than females (1.08 males per female) • Mother mean age at first birth 19.9 (2006) • Demographic window of opportunity/demographic dividend – if you have a young population you should allocate resources to them – important for the future development of the economy • Bangladesh for example has many young people • This is a very important period for this country – they should invest in this young population (unfortunately, we often have this problem but no changes are made) • The rapid fall in birth rates in the past few decades resulted in adding fewer children to the population and a relatively rapid growth of the working age group population • Demographic changes taking place acros
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