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2. 1M03 Jan 8, 2014.pdf

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Sean Corner

2. January 8, 2014 Aegean in the Bronze Age - Mediterranean ▯ 2nd half of 19th century two groundbreaking discoveries -minoan civilization of bronze age crete -mycenaean civilization of bronze age greece ▯ Schliemann in 1870s discovered a palace/city in Greece dating to the bronze age other archaeologist found other palaces in Athens, Thebes, Pelos, etc. a whole developed civilization with a variety of centres in Greece Mycenaean culture - the Mycenaean period - referred to as such bc of first discovery Schliemann discovers the city of troy - city that is the centre of homer’s iliad ▯ 1899 - Sir Arthur Evans discovers the palace of Knossos in the northern part of Crete -term - the Minoan Civilization - took form greek myth - ancient king of crete Mino ▯ We don’t know what they called themselves - do not know language, nor ethnolinguistic group to which they belong not bc they lacked writing - we have hieroglyphics - can not decipher cretan hieroglyphics and Linear A style that they used only know what we know of the Minoans from what we discover through archaeology- which is very limited ▯ -Knossos palace that Evans discovered represents the first Aegean state level society to form in crete - first palace dating to 2000BCE ▯ Interpreting archaeology and art examples - ceremonial bull jumping from this we can infer a ritual significance of bulls - ritual objects and monuments evident throughout the ruins ▯ -storage magazines(storerooms), workshops for craftsman, etc. -from this we can infer some sort of political centre, the exercise of some sort of power of authority, a place not living immediately on just what it produces but is able to store goods, perhaps some sort of defensive structure -uncertain about structure of power bc of the structure of building -artistic society as well as very commercial -economic centre, commercial centre, ceremonial/ritual centre of some kind palaces were large, grand, magnificent - became more so as time went on ▯ Insinuations: palace building demonstrate control over resources -redistributive centre -ceremonial centre -crete as a crossroads for trade -urbanization and state formation -palace wealth - storerooms, workshops, service production 2. January 8, 2014 -farmers of countryside produce but surplus is kept by the centre and under control by the centre - distributed by a power of some sorts -beliefs and values, control of symbols and ritual - palace central role as ceremonial centre - occupy crucial space between populations and the gods -where p
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